The effect of integrated training program on functional movements patterns, dynamic stability, biomechanics, and muscle strength of lower limbs in elite young basketball players

  • Toma Garbenytė-Apolinskienė
  • Laimonas Šiupšinskas
  • Saulė Salatkaitė
  • Rimtautas Gudas
  • Rolandas Radvila
Original Article



The aim of study was to evaluate the effect of integrated exercise training programs on functional movement’s patterns, dynamic stability, jump-landing biomechanics, and muscle strength in elite young basketball players.


A study involved 31 youth most talented Lithuanian basketball players (15 male, 16 female) selected by the coaches of Lithuanian basketball federation. Functional movement patterns were evaluated with Functional Movement Screen (FMS) tests. The Y Balance test was used to assess athlete’s dynamic stability of lower extremities. Landing error scoring system (LESS) was used to assess athlete’s body and lower extremity biomechanical properties during the jump-landing task. Isokinetic dynamometry was used to measure thigh muscle’s strength. The integrated training program that incorporates multiple types of exercise, such as stability, flexibility, and strength exercises. Data analysis was performed using the dependent nonparametric Wilcoxon signed-rank test. In all statistical procedures, p ≤ 0.05 was regarded as significant. Correlation coefficients of tests results and efficiency were analyzed using Spearman correlation coefficient.


The total score of FMS had increased from 15.89 ± 2.0 to 17 ± 1.23 (p = 0.04) in female basketball players. Jump-landing biomechanics measured by LESS had improved from 6.85 ± 2.34 to 4.62 ± 2.87 (p = 0.01) points in male basketball players. All the parameters of dynamic stability of lower limbs had improved after exercise training sessions. The knee flexion/extension ratio peak torque to body weight measured by isokinetic dynamometer increased in males and females except right leg at speed of 60°/s in males.


These results indicate that integrated exercise training program incorporated into regular basketball training sessions might have influence on performance and risk factors of sports injuries in youth basketball players.


Exercise Youth athlete Proprioception Neuromuscular training 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures were approved by Kaunas Regional Ethics Committee (no. BE–2–27) and were carried out in line with the Declaration of Helsinki.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toma Garbenytė-Apolinskienė
    • 1
  • Laimonas Šiupšinskas
    • 1
  • Saulė Salatkaitė
    • 1
  • Rimtautas Gudas
    • 2
  • Rolandas Radvila
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Sports, Medical AcademyLithuanian University of Health SciencesKaunasLithuania
  2. 2.Sports Trauma and Arthroscopic UnitHospital of Lithuanian University of Health SciencesKaunasLithuania
  3. 3.Lithuanian Basketball FederationKaunasLithuania

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