Short-term maximal performance depend on post-activation potentiation stimuli type and recovery period

  • Fatma Rhibi
  • Amine Ghram
  • Jeffrey Pagaduan
  • Maha Sellami
  • Abderraouf Ben Abderrahman
Original Article


The purpose of this study was to identify the acute effects of two types of warm-up (i.e. plyometric and isometric) interventions on jump performance. Forty-five subjects volunteered to participate in our study. Participants were randomly assigned in a plyometric group (n = 15; age 14.79 ± 0.43; mass 57.64 ± 4.52; height 174.61 ± 5.97), isometric group (n = 15; age 14.80 ± 0.41; mass 57.13 ± 4.78; height 174.57 ± 5.75), and control group (n = 15; age 14.67 ± 0.49; mass 57.93 ± 4.09; height 175.30 ± 4.93). Pre- and post-measures (before, immediately, 5, 10, and 15 min after) for sargent jump test (SJT) and five jump test (5JT) were analyzed using a repeated measures ANOVA. There was a significant (p < 0.01) difference in SJT and 5JT depending on intervention types (η p 2  = 0.430 and η p 2  = 0.467, respectively). The results showed that both experimental groups had increases in SJT and 5JT compared to the control group. In the plyometric intervention, increases in SJT and 5JT up to 15 min after can be linked to dissipation of fatigue. Reduction of muscle function at potentiated state can be seen in the isometric scheme wherein jump performances decreased at 15 min. Post-potentiating activation has been induced using various types of exercise protocols. The optimal recovery period for recreationally trained men has not been clearly defined.


Warm-up Potentiating activation Jump performance Recovery 



The authors are grateful to the subjects and their coaches, Mr. Houssem Soudani and Mr. Fedi Kammoun, for their kind cooperation during experimentation sessions. We would like to thank also the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments and suggestions.

Compliance with ethical standards


This study was funded by self-financing.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of biomonitoring of Environment, Faculty of Science of BizerteUniversity of CarthageBizerteTunisia
  2. 2.Research Unit of the Assessment of Musculoskeletal Disorders (UR12ES18)University of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  3. 3.School of Health Sciences, Faculty of HealthUniversity of TasmaniaTasmaniaAustralia
  4. 4.Laboratory “Sport Performance Optimization”National Center of Medicine and Sciences in SportTunisTunisia

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