Sport Sciences for Health

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 9–17 | Cite as

The use of Focus Group Interviews to define the perceived importance of competencies related to the entrepreneurship as starting point for a new career in European athletes: an AtLETyC study

  • Corrado Lupo
  • Paolo Riccardo Brustio
  • Elizabeta Valentic
  • Doris Kiendl
  • Rene Wenzel
  • Wolfgang Stockinger
  • Irena Valantine
  • Inga Staskeviciute-Butiene
  • Izet Rađo
  • Dino Mujkić
  • Sujit Chaudhuri
  • Judit Farkas
  • Mojca Doupona Topic
  • Flavia Guidotti
Original Article



The present study aimed to investigate the perceived importance of competencies related to entrepreneurship as starting point for a new career in European athletes.


A Focus Group Interview (FGI) within AtLETyC project (Erasmus+) was administered to 78 European athletes (i.e., 26 female: 27 ± 7 years; 52 male: 28 ± 9 years) related to six countries (i.e., Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Lithuania, Slovenia, Hungary, and Italy). Among 22 items of the FGI, 8 items were focused on general aspects, contact information, the evaluation of the educational background, the sport entrepreneurship expertise, and learning capacity, whereas the remaining 14 Likert scale (i.e., 1–7) items were specifically oriented to determine the perceived importance of entrepreneurship-related competences. For the latter part of the FGI, not-parametric analyses (i.e., Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney U) were applied.


Results showed that all athletes highly consider the importance of both general and entrepreneurship-related competencies, excepting for the latter items in Slovenian athletes. However, main effects between athletes of different countries emerged in 12 of the 14 items, with the highest mean values (6.0–7.0) reported from Bosnia and Herzegovina athletes and the lowest ones (range 3.6–4.8) from Slovenian counterpart.


Although a cross-national scenario in relation to the perceived importance of sport entrepreneurship competences seems to be influenced by different institutional supports for dual career, general results showed that European athletes highly perceived the importance of such competences, confirming the substantial necessity to apply the AtLETyC action.


Dual career Sport system Education National culture European Commission policies 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corrado Lupo
    • 1
  • Paolo Riccardo Brustio
    • 1
  • Elizabeta Valentic
    • 2
  • Doris Kiendl
    • 2
  • Rene Wenzel
    • 2
  • Wolfgang Stockinger
    • 3
  • Irena Valantine
    • 4
  • Inga Staskeviciute-Butiene
    • 4
  • Izet Rađo
    • 5
  • Dino Mujkić
    • 5
  • Sujit Chaudhuri
    • 6
  • Judit Farkas
    • 7
  • Mojca Doupona Topic
    • 8
  • Flavia Guidotti
    • 9
  1. 1.School of Exercise and Sport Sciences (SUISM), Department of Medical SciencesUniversity of TorinoTurinItaly
  2. 2.Institute of International Management, FH JOANNEUMUniversity of Applied SciencesGrazAustria
  3. 3.KADA-Sports with ProspectsSalzburgAustria
  4. 4.Department of Sport Management, Economics and SociologyLithuanian Sports UniversityKaunasLithuania
  5. 5.Faculty of Sport and Physical EducationUniversity of SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  6. 6.Sports Management DepartmentHungarian University of Physical EducationBudapestHungary
  7. 7.Quality Assurance and Accreditation Office, Hungarian University of Physical EducationBudapestHungary
  8. 8.Faculty of SportUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  9. 9.Department of Movement, Human and Health SciencesUniversity of Rome Foro ItalicoRomeItaly

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