Skip to main content

Dermatoglyphic profile of physical strength in Brazilian Paralympic power lifters

Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify dermatoglyphic characteristics and the quality of the physical strength in high-performance para-athletes in the supine power lifting category. This study included ten male athletes aged between 18 and 40 years who had qualified for the Brazilian Regional Championships. The athletes were randomly distributed into the following three groups: group 1 (n = 4) comprising athletes with the best results for relative strength, group 2 (n = 4) comprising athletes with intermediate results for relative strength, and group 3 (n = 2) comprising athletes with the lowest results for relative strength. To determine the strength potential of the athletes, the one repetition maximum test was chosen, and to identify their genetic profile their fingerprints were analyzed by the method of Cummins and Midlo using paper and ink. The data showed no homogeneity between the groups. Group 1 showed a higher genetic predisposition and better results for the quality of their physical strength. These results indicate that dermatoglyphics may be an important tool to identify and guide athletes according to their genetic potential.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Gardiner NE (1955) Athletics of the Ancient World. Clarendon, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Willowghby DP (1970) The super athletes. A.S. Barnes, New York, pp 29–30

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    McCurdy P (1909) The history of physical training at Mount Holyoke College. Am Phys Educ Rev 14:144

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Bonini G (2001) London: the cradle of modern weightlifting. Sports Historian 21(1):56–70

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Hedrick A, Wada H (2008) Weightlifting movements: do the benefits outweigh the risks? Strength Cond J 30(6):26–35

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    DePauw KP, Gavron SJ (2005) Disability sport, 2nd edn. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Lu Y, Han S (2007) The persons with disability and the Olympic Sports — the origin and development of Paralympic games. J Beijing Sport University

  8. 8.

    Allen JB, de Jong MR (2006) Sailing and sports medicine: a literature review. Br J Sports Med 40:587–593

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Cummins H, Midlo C (1961) Finger prints, palms and soles: an introduction to dermatoglyphics, vol. 319. Dover Publications, New York

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Dantas P, Alonso L, Fernandes-Filho J (2005) A dermatoglifia no futsal Brasileiro de Alto Rendimento. Fit Perf J 4(1):34–44

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Dantas P, Alonso L, Fernandes-Filho J (2004) A Dermatoglifia no Alto Rendimento do Futsal Brasileiro. Fit Perf J 81–108

  12. 12.

    Silva-Junior AM, Lima MLF, Ribeiro LG, Dantas EHM (2007) Verification of possible differences between different days of testing of repetition maximum (1RM). Fit Perf J 6(4):232–236

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Pochini Ade C, Ejnisman B, Andreoli CV et al (2010) Pectoralis major muscle rupture in athletes: a prospective study. Am J Sports Med 38:92–98

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Woolf K, Bidwell WK, Carlson AG (2009) Effect of caffeine as an ergogenic aid during anaerobic exercise performance in caffeine naive collegiate football players. J Strength Cond Res 23(5):1363–1369

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Novaes GEA (2007) Manual de Metodologia da Pesquisa para Educação Física e Desporto. Vila Real, Portugal: Sector Editorial da Universidade Trás-os-Montes e Alto D’Oro

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Nishioka G, Dantas P, Fernandes-FIlho J (2007) Perfil dermatoglifico, somatotipico e das qualidades físicas básicas dos bailarinos bolsistasw do Centro de Movimento Deborah Colker rfil Dermatoglifico, somatotipico e d. Fit Perf J 6(5):331–337

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Tuche W, Fazolo E, Assis M et al (2005) Perfil dermatoglífico e somatotípico de ciclistas de alto rendimento do Brasil. Rev Educ Física 132:14–19

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Assef M, Oliveira AS, Teixeira ES, Alonso L (2009) Dermatoglifos como preditores da coordenação motora em atletas da seleção brasileira fenminina de futebol sub-17. http://www.efdeportes.com, (132)

  19. 19.

    Hori NM, Newton RU, Nosaka K, Stone MH (2005) Weightlifting exercises enhance athletic performance that requires high-load speed strength. Strength Condit J 27(4):50–55

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Abramova TF, Nikitina TM, Ozolin NN (1995) Impressões dermatoglíficas. Marcas genéticas no potencial energético do homem. Anais Científicos do Ano 1995 — Moscou, 1996(1):3–13

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Helena A. Figueira.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Figueira, H.A., Giani, T.S., Nodari Junior, R.J. et al. Dermatoglyphic profile of physical strength in Brazilian Paralympic power lifters. Sport Sci Health 7, 61–64 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-012-0113-x

Download citation

Key words

  • Dermatoglyphics
  • Power lifting
  • Para-athlete