Nutrimetabolomics: integrating metabolomics in nutrition to disentangle intake of animal-based foods
Food intake and metabolization of foods is a complex and multi-facetted process that encompasses the introduction of new metabolite compounds in our body, initiation or alterations in endogenous metabolic processes and biochemical pathways, and likely also involving the activity of the gut microbial community that we host. The explorative nature of metabolomics makes it a superior tool for examining the whole response to food intake in a more thorough way and has led to the introduction of the term nutrimetabolomics. Protein derived from animal sources constitutes an important part of our diet, and there is therefore an interest in understanding how these animal-derived dietary sources influence us metabolically. This review aims to illuminate how the introduction of nutrimetabolomics has contributed to gain novel insight into metabolic and nutritional aspects related to intake of animal-based foods.
KeywordsAnimal protein Endogenous metabolism Meat consumption Milk protein Foodomics Dietary biomarkers Food biomarkers
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Author Hanne Christine Bertram has received financial support for research activities from Arla Foods amba, the Danish Dairy Research Foundation, and Arla Food for Health, which is as a consortium between Arla Foods amba, Arla Foods Ingredients Group P/S, Aarhus University and University of Copenhagen. Author Louise M.A. Jakobsen has received financial support for research activities from Arla Foods amba.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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