Computational Design, Analysis and Characterization of Beetle Shaped High Isolation Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output Reconfigurable Monopole-Antenna with Dual Band Filters for Wireless Applications

Abstract

In this research article, a beetle shape Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output (MIMO) antenna including dual notched band characteristics are presented for different wireless band applications (UWB, X-Band and Ku Band) which are also experimentally and computationally investigated. A single evoluation antenna is demonstrated which is than converted to MIMO configuration to overcome the demerits when placed in communication channel. The overall volume of the proposed antenna is 25 × 48 × 0.787 mm3 printed on Rogers RT Duroid5870. Dual notched bands are obtained by etching an L-shaped slot on a radiating patch for WiMAX interference and satellite Downlink System interference (DSS) is removed by placing pair of C-shaped parasitic elements near the feed line. The proposed antenna offers measured isolation between two ports less than − 20 dB in entire operating bandwidth (2.57–19.15 GHz). At non-radiating mode, the radiation efficiency of antenna drops down due to the insertion of stop and filters. The wider impedance bandwidth of the antenna suggest that it is not only capable of working in UWB range but also finds applications in X- and Ku-Band applications allocated for Satellite and RADAR. An antenna is also reconfigured using PIN diodes to control each notched bands independently. Proposed MIMO antenna also offers better diversity performance in terms of ECC < 0.004, DG > 9.95 dB, TARC <  − 40 dB and CCL < 0.4 b/s/Hz in entire operating bandwidth. The antenna also offers a gain of 3.11–4.92dBi and desired radiation pattern making it a suitable candidate for different wireless applications.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. 1.

    Badamchi, B., Valizade, A., Rezaei, B., & Banamchi Rezaei, Z. (2014). A reconfigurable square slot antenna with switchable single band, UWB and UWB with band notch function performances. ACES Journal, 29(5), 383–390.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Karafa Bekali, Y., & Essaaidi, M. (2013). Compact reconfigurable dual frequency microstrip patch antenna for 3G and 4G mobile communication technologies. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 55(7), 1622–1626.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Borhani Kakhki, M., & Rezaei, P. (2017). Reconfigurable microstrip slot antenna with DGS for UWB applications. International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, 9(7), 1517–1522.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Chandel, R., & Gautam, A. K. (2016). Compact mimo/diversity slot antenna for UWB applications with band-notched characteristic. Electronics Letters, 52(5), 336–338.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Chandel, R., Gautam, A. K., & Rambabu, K. (2018). Tapered fed compact uwb mimo-diversity antenna with dual band-notched characteristics. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 66(4), 1677–1684.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Dabas, T., Gangwar, D., Kanaujia, B. K., & Gautam, A. K. (2018). Mutual coupling reduction between elements of uwb mimo antenna using small size uniplanar EBG exhibiting multiple stop bands. AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 93, 32–38.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Gautam, A. K., Yadav, S., & Rambabu, K. (2018). Design of ultra-compact UWB antenna with band-notched characteristics for mimo applications. IET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation, 12(12), 1895–1900.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Gorai, A., Dasgupta, A., & Ghatak, R. (2018). A compact quasi-self-complementary dual band notched UWB mimo antenna with enhanced isolation using hilbert fractal slot. AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 94, 36–41.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Gupta, N. P., & Kumar, M. (2017). Development of a reconfigurable and miniaturized Cpw antenna for selective and wideband communication. Wireless Personal Communications, 95(3), 2599–2608.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Jetti, C. R., & Nandanavanam, V. R. (2018). Trident-shape strip loaded dual band-notched UWB MIMO antenna for portable device applications. International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 83, 11–21.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Kalteh, A. A., DadashZadeh, G. R., Naser-Moghadasi, M., & Virdee, B. S. (2011). Ultra-wideband circular slot antenna with reconfigurable notch band function. IET Microwaves Antennas Propagation, 6(1), 108–112.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Kayabasi, A., Toktas, A., Yigit, E., & Sabanci, K. (2018). Triangular quad-port multi-polarized Uwb mimo antenna with enhanced isolation using neutralization ring. AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 85, 47–53.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Khan, M. S., Naqvi, A., Ijaz, B., Shafique, M. F., Braaten, B. D., & Capobianco, A. D. (2015). Compact planar Uwb mimo antenna with on-demand wlan rejection. Electronics Letters, 51(13), 963–964.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Koziel, S., Bekasiewicz, A., & Cheng, Q. S. (2017). Conceptual design and automated optimisation of a novel compact UWB mimo slot antenna. IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation, 11(8), 1162–1168.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Li, Q., Feresidis, A. P., Mavridou, M., & Hall, P. S. (2015). Miniaturized double-layer EBG structures for broadband mutual coupling reduction between UWB monopoles. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 63(3), 1168–1171.

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Li, W. T., Hei, Y. Q., Subbaraman, H., Shi, X. W., & Chen, R. T. (2016). Novel printed Filtenna with dual notches and good Out-of-Band characteristics for UWB-MIMO applications. IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, 26(10), 765–767.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Li, Y., Li, W., & Ye, Q. (2013). A reconfigurable wide slot antenna integrated with sirs for UWB/multiband communication applications. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 55(1), 52–55.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Li, Y., Li, W., & Ye, Q. (2014). A compact circular slot UWB antenna with multimode reconfigurable band-notched characteristics using resonator and switch techniques. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 56(3), 570–574.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Liu, Y.-Y., & Tu, Z.-H. (2017). Compact differential band-notched stepped-slot UWB-mimo antenna with common-mode suppression. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 16, 593–596.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Luo, C.-M., Hong, J.-S., & Zhong, L.-L. (2015). Isolation enhancement of a very compact Uwb-mimo slot antenna with two defected ground structures. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 14, 1766–1769.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Mathur, R., & Dwari, S. (2018). Compact Cpw-Fed ultrawideband mimo antenna using hexagonal ring monopole antenna elements. AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 93, 1–6.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Ojaroudi, S., Ojaroudi, Y., & Ojaroudi, N. (2015). Novel design of reconfigurable microstrip slot antenna with switchable band-notched characteristic. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 57(4), 849–853.

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Pandey, G. P., Kanaujia, B. K., Gupta, S. K., & Gautam, A. K. (2004). A novel C shape antenna with switchable wideband frequency notch. Wireless Personal Communications, 80(2), 471–482.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Srivastava, G., & Mohan, A. (2016). Compact mimo slot antenna for UWB applications. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, 15, 1057–1060.

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Tahir, F. A., & Javed, A. (2015). A compact dual-band frequency-reconfigurable textile antenna for wearable applications. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 57(10), 2251–2257.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Yang, B., Chen, M., & Li, L. (2018). Design of a four-element WLAN/LTE/UWB mimo antenna using half-slot structure. AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, 93, 354–359.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Sharma, M., Awasthi, Y. K., & Singh, H. (2019). Compact multiband planar monopole antenna for bluetooth, LTE, and reconfigurable UWB applications including X-band and Ku-Band wireless applications. International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering, 29(6), 1–11.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Rahman, M., Ko, D.-S., & Park, J.-D. (2017). A compact multiple notched ultra-wide band antenna with an analysis of the CSRR-TO-CSRR coupling for portable UWB applications. Sensors, 17(10), 2174.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Rahman, M., NaghshvarianJahromi, M., Mirjavadi, S. S., & Hamouda, A. M. (2018). Bandwidth enhancement and frequency scanning array antenna using novel UWB filter integration technique for OFDM UWB radar applications in wireless vital signs monitoring. Sensors, 18(9), 3155.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Rahman, M., NagshvarianJahromi, M., Mirjavadi, S. S., & Hamouda, A. M. (2019). Compact UWB band-notched antenna with integrated bluetooth for personal wireless communication and UWB applications. Electronics, 8(2), 158.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Nejatijahromi, M., Rahman, M., & NaghshvarianJahromi, M. (2018). Continously tunable WiMAX band-notched UWB antenna with fixed WLAN notched band. Progress in Electromagnetics Letters., 75, 97–103.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Rahman, M., Haider, A., & NaghshvarianJahromi, M. (2020). A systematic methofologycontinously tunable WiMAX band-notched UWB antenna with fixed WLAN notched band. Progress in Electromagnetics Letters, 75, 97–103.

    Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Khan, T., Rahman, M., Akram, A., Amin, Y., & Tenhunen, H. (2019). A low-cost CPW-fed multiband frequency reconfigurable antenna for wireless applications. Electronics., 8(8), 900.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. 34.

    Rahman, M., Khan, W. T., & Imran, M. (2018). Penta-notched UWB antenna with sharp frequency edge selectivity using combination of SSR, CSRR and DGS. AEU International Journal of Electronics and Communications., 93, 116–122.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. 35.

    Pandey, G. K., Singh, H. S., & Bharti, P. K. (2015). Design and analysis of multiband notched pitcher-shaped UWB antenna. International Journal of RF and Microwave Computer-Aided Engineering., 25(9), 795–806.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Manish Sharma.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sharma, M., Singh, S. & Varma, R. Computational Design, Analysis and Characterization of Beetle Shaped High Isolation Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output Reconfigurable Monopole-Antenna with Dual Band Filters for Wireless Applications. Wireless Pers Commun (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-021-08248-y

Download citation

Keywords

  • Beetle shape
  • MIMO
  • UWB
  • X
  • Ku band
  • WiMAX
  • DSS
  • ECC
  • DG
  • TARC
  • CCL