Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 100, Issue 1, pp 193–208 | Cite as

Framework for Future Telemedicine Planning and Infrastructure using 5G Technology

  • Sadia Anwar
  • Ramjee Prasad


Current and upcoming Information and Communication Technology solutions for quick access to the healthcare system are promising as well as very challenging. On the one hand, these solutions are providing solutions for healthcare ecosystem according to patient-specific needs and demands, but on the other hand, adoption of technology is moving through evolution and some part revolution. In consequence of continuous transition, people are not getting used to of these endless variations in technological solutions, and they have concerns that these deployed technologies will change after some period. Seeing this situation, we recommend continuous eHealth literacy is need of this transition era and development of new business models to increase involvement, motivation and revenue generation. People from medical and technical background have a different attitude for work, which can cause difficulty in solving medical related problems and adaptation of new technologies. Therefore, it is essential to involve medical experts when developing telemedicine service from technological point of view. Consequently, we recommend that there is a need to sketch a framework and plan before introducing any telemedicine service. The telemedicine services should be user- friendly and have the ability to integrate all stakeholders to pursue a system which is sustainable and acceptable for all. A framework which is proactive, open in various dimensions with flexibility, gives chances to industries for public–private partnership and practice value-based business models.


Telemedicine eHealth ecosystem eHealth literacy 5G Framework Planning Sustainable business models 


  1. 1.
    Doolittle, G. C., & Spaulding, R. J. (2006). Defining the needs of a telemedicine service. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare, 12(6), 276–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    AlDossary, S., Martin-Khan, M. G., Bradford, N. K., Armfield, N. R., & Smith, A. C. (2017). The development of a telemedicine planning framework based on needs assessment. Journal of Medical Systems, 41(5), 74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    U. D. H. S. marketing public affairs and, “Telemedicine saves patients time, money” (Online). Available
  4. 4.
    AlDossary, S., Martin-Khan, M. G., Bradford, N. K., Armfield, N. R., & Smith, A. C. (2017). The development of a telemedicine planning framework based on needs assessment. Journal of Medical Systems, 41(5), 74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Emery, S. (2015). Telemedicine in hospitals: Issues in implementation. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Denmark—A frontrunner in telemedicine in Scandinavia (online). Available
  7. 7.
    Chen, S., Cheng, A., & Mehta, K. (2013). A review of telemedicine business models. Telemedicine and e-Health, 19, 287–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    Norman, C. D., & Skinner, H. A. (2006). eHealth literacy: Essential skills for consumer health in a networked world. J Med Internet Res, 8(2), 8.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Falcini, F., & Rinaldi, G. (2017). Medical records, eHealth and health IT: What are the key points for the organizational benefits and for the improvements of the modern local health organisations? (pp. 129–140)., New perspectives in medical records Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Din, I. U., Xue, M. C., Abdullah, S., Ali, T. Shah, & Ilyas, A. (2017). Role of information & communication technology (ICT) and e-governance in health sector of Pakistan: A case study of Peshawar. Cogent Social Sciences, 3(1), 1308051.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rick, C., & Kritek, P. B. (2014). Realizing the future of nursing: VA nurses tell their story. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lake, D., et al. (2014). Internet of things: architectural framework for ehealth security. Journal of ICT Standardization, 1(3), 301–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Thiranant, N., & Lee, H. (2013). A design of security framework for eHealth authentication system using QR Code. Advanced Science and Technology Letters, 38, 32–35.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
    The ultimate telemedicine guide|What is telemedicine? eVisit ® Telemedicine Solution (online). Available:
  17. 17.
    Pirvu, E. B. G.-D. A., & Snyder, R. E.U. Way ahead of the game on telehealth|Lexology (online). Available:
  18. 18.
    Xiang, W., Wang, G., Pickering, M., & Zhang, Y. (2016). Big video data for light-field-based 3D telemedicine. IEEE Network, 30(3), 30–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Denmark, world leader in health IT, tests new systems with US companies, 19 February, 2014 (Online). Available
  20. 20.
    Lawler, R. Therapy-by-text startup talkspace raises $9.5 M led by spark capital. TechCrunch.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    London hospital pilots Apple Watch for chemo patients. MobiHealthNews, 14 May, 2015 (Online). Available
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
    Pharmaceutical companies and digital health startups: It’s time to get together. MobiHealthNews, 10 Februrary, 2017 (Online). Available:
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
    European Commission—PRESS RELEASES—Press release—State of the Union 2016: Commission paves the way for more and better internet connectivity for all citizens and businesses (online). Available:
  28. 28.
    Latif, S., Qadir, J., Farooq, S. & Imran, M. A. (2017). How 5G (and concomitant technologies) will revolutionize healthcare. arXiv:1708.08746 (cs).
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
    C. D. July 31 and 2017Features. 5 industries to gain the most from 5G, IT Pro Portal (online). Available
  31. 31.
    (HLS-EU) Consortium Health Literacy Project European et al. (2012). Health literacy and public health: A systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 12.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wells, B. J., Chagin, K. M., Nowacki, A. S. & Kattan, M. W. (2013). Strategies for handling missing data in electronic health record derived data. EGEMS (Wash DC), 1(3), 1–3.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Raza, M., Le, M. H., Aslam, N., Le, C. H., Le, N. T., & Le, T. L. (2017) Telehealth Technology: Potentials, Challenges and Research Directions for Developing Countries. In 6th International Conference on the Development of Biomedical Engineering in Vietnam (BME6) (pp. 523–528).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ullah, M., Fiedler, M., and Wac, K. (2012) On the ambiguity of quality of service and quality of experience requirements for eHealth services (pp. 1–4).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business Development and TechnologyAarhus UniversityHerningDenmark

Personalised recommendations