Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 97, Issue 2, pp 2887–2909 | Cite as

Performance Analysis of Cooperative Spectrum Sensing Network Using Optimization Technique in Different Fading Channels

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Abstract

Spectrum sensing is an important task to find out the spectrum holes in a given radio spectrum. Spectrum sensing performance is improved with the aid of multiple cognitive radios (CRs) in the network and each CR having multiple antennas in different fading channels (Rayleigh, Hoyt and Weibull fading channel). In this paper, we have considered that each CR having multiple antennas and improved energy detector (IED) scheme is used for detection of primary user. Imperfect channel is considered between CRs and fusion center (i.e. in reporting channel) with an error probability rate (r). We have derived the novel expression for missed detection probability (P m ), closed form of expression to find out optimal value of number of CR users (N opt ), closed form of expression and procedure to find an optimal value of normalized threshold value (λ n,opt ), expression for optimal value of arbitrary power of received signal (P opt ) and calculation of minimum value of total error in different fading channels are provided. Performance is evaluated to find out (N opt ), (λ n,opt ), (P opt ) and to calculate minimum error value for various network parameters like SNR, r, λ n and multiple number of antennas (M). It is observed that detection performance is improved by using multiple antennas at each CR. Comparison between conventional energy detector and IED, comparison among Rayleigh, Hoyt and Weibull fading channels also provided for different cases of network parameters.

Keywords

Cooperative spectrum sensing Fading channels Improved energy detector Multiple antennas Optimization 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ECE DepartmentNational Institute of TechnologyWarangalIndia
  2. 2.ECE DepartmentM.L.R. Institute of Technology and ManagementHyderabadIndia

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