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Wireless Personal Communications

, Volume 96, Issue 2, pp 3159–3178 | Cite as

SPMI: Single Phase Multiple Initiator Protocol for Coverage in Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Abdelkader Khelil
  • Rachid Beghdad
Article
  • 87 Downloads

Abstract

Even if several algorithms were proposed in the literature to solve the coverage problem in wireless sensor networks (WSNs), they still suffer from some weaknesses. This is the reason why we suggest in this paper, a distributed protocol, called single phase multiple initiator (SPMI). Its aim is to find connect cover set for assuring the coverage and connectivity in WSN. Our idea is based on determining a connected dominating set (CDS) which has a minimum number of necessary and sufficient nodes to guarantee coverage of the area of interested (AI), when WSN model is considered as a graph. The suggested protocol only requires a single phase to construct a CDS in distributed manner without using sensors’ location information. Simulation results show that SPMI assures better coverage and connectivity of AI by using fewer active nodes and by inducing very low message overhead, and low energy consumption, when compared with some existing protocols. Finally, we’ve presented an analytical model of SPMI, which is based on Markov’s chains.

Keywords

Wireless sensor network (WSNCoverage Connectivity Distributed algorithm Connected dominating set (CDS

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of SciencesZiane Achour UniversityDjelfaAlgeria
  2. 2.Faculty of SciencesAbderrahmane Mira UniversityBéjaïaAlgeria

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