The performance analysis of dual-inverter three phase fed induction motor with open-end winding using various PWM schemes


Induction motor with scheme open end winding (OEW) has attract many attention in the recent time as a compromising alternative of multi-level inverter. The structure contains of simplicity in generating multi-level inverter and has potential ability to obtain a better quality output due to higher number of the available switching states and voltage vectors.’ Based on the method to divide the voltage references, various Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) schemes for the dual-inverter fed induction motor with OEW have been discussed in this paper. The first one is developed by equally splitting the voltage references to two inverters and termed as Equal Reference Division Pulse Width Modulation (ERD PWM). In the second PWM scheme, the voltage references are devided according to moduation index (M). At M > 0.525, one inverter is modulated using maximum voltage reference while the other one inverter is modulated proportionaly according the change of voltage reference. The PWM scheme is named as Unequal Reference Division Pulse Width Modulation (URD PWM). In the third PWM scheme, the two inverters are modulated using different method, i.e one inverter is controlled in slow switching PWM and the second inverter are modulated using fast switching PWM. Hence the thirs PWM is named as Mixed Devider Switching (MDS) PWM scheme. The results shows that the MDS PWM provide the best voltage Total Harmonic Disortion (THD) performance among the three PWM schemes. Further the speed-torque acceleration shows that the dual-inverter fed structure is able to control the speed to reach the desired speed at t = 0.25 s. The speed is able to adjust when the load is apply at t = 0.4 s. The motor current THD and the mechanical torque reveal that the MDS PWM provide the best among three PWM schemes.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11


  1. 1.

    Jain, S., Thopukara, A. K., Karampuri, R., & Somasekhar, V. T. (2014). A single-stage photovoltaic system for a dual-inverter-fed open-end winding induction motor drive for pumping applications. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 30(9), 4809–4818.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Drisya, V., & Samina, T. (2015, December). Supply voltage boosting in a 3 level space vector modulated dual inverter fed open end winding induction motor drive for hybrid electric vehicles. In 2015 IEEE recent advances in intelligent computational systems (RAICS) (pp. 330–334). IEEE.

  3. 3.

    Tolbert, L. M., & Peng, F. Z. (1998, February). Multilevel converters for large electric drives. In APEC’98 thirteenth annual applied power electronics conference and exposition (Vol. 2, pp. 530–536). IEEE.

  4. 4.

    Nabae, A., Takahashi, I., & Akagi, H. (1981). A new neutral-point-clamped PWM inverter. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 5, 518–523.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Pan, D., Huh, K. K., & Lipo, T. A. (2014, September). Efficiency improvement and evaluation of floating capacitor open-winding PM motor drive for EV application. In 2014 IEEE energy conversion congress and exposition (ECCE) (pp. 837–844). IEEE.

  6. 6.

    Lu, S., & Corzine, K. A. (2007). Advanced control and analysis of cascaded multilevel converters based on PQ compensation. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 22(4), 1242–1252.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Stemmler, H., & Guggenbach, P. (1993, September). Configurations of high-power voltage source inverter drives. In 1993 fifth European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (pp. 7–14). IET.

  8. 8.

    Shiny, G., & Baiju, M. R. (2009, November). Space vector PWM scheme without sector identification for an open-end winding induction motor based 3-level inverter. In 2009 35th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics (pp. 1310–1315). IEEE.

  9. 9.

    Somasekhar, V. T., Gopakumar, K., Baiju, M. R., Mohapatra, K. K., & Umanand, L. (2005). A multilevel inverter system for an induction motor with open-end windings. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 52(3), 824–836.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Reddy, B. V., & Somasekhar, V. T. (2012, December). A space-vector modulation scheme for a four-level dual inverter fed open-end winding induction motor drive. In 2012 IEEE 5th India International Conference on Power Electronics (IICPE) (pp. 1–6). IEEE.

  11. 11.

    Shiny, G., & Baiju, M. R. (2010, October). A space vector based PWM scheme for a four level inverter using open end winding induction motor. In 2010 IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ISIEA) (pp. 281–286). IEEE.

  12. 12.

    Anandakumar, H., & Umamaheswari, K. (2017). Supervised machine learning techniques in cognitive radio networks during cooperative spectrum handovers. Cluster Computing, 20(2), 1505–1515.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Baiju, M. R., Mohapatra, K. K., Kanchan, R. S., & Gopakumar, K. (2004). A dual two-level inverter scheme with common mode voltage elimination for an induction motor drive. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 19(3), 794–805.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Wiryajati, I. K., Giriantari, I. A. D., Kumara, I. N. S., & Jasa, L. (2018, October). Simple carrier based Space Vector PWM schemes of dual-inverter fed three-phase open-end winding motor drives with equal DC-link voltage. In 2018 International Conference on Smart Green Technology in Electrical and Information Systems (ICSGTEIS) (pp. 65–70). IEEE.

  15. 15.

    Tekwani, P. N., Kanchan, R. S., & Gopakumar, K. (2007). A dual five-level inverter-fed induction motor drive with common-mode voltage elimination and DC-link capacitor voltage balancing using only the switching-state redundancy—Part I. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 54(5), 2600–2608.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Vinod, B. R., Shiny, G., & Baiju, M. R. (2017, July). Space vector direct torque control for five-level open-end winding induction motor drive to suppress harmonic spikes. In 2017 IEEE Region 10 Symposium (TENSYMP) (pp. 1–5). IEEE.

  17. 17.

    Jones, M., & Satiawan, I. N. W. (2013). A simple multi-level space vector modulation algorithm for five-phase open-end winding drives. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 90, 74–85.

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Shivakumar, E. G., Gopakumar, K., Sinha, S. K., Pittet, A., & Ranganathan, V. T. (2002). Space vector PWM control of dual inverter fed open-end winding induction motor drive. EPE Journal, 12(1), 9–18.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Srinivas, S., & Somasekhar, V. T. (2008). Space-vector-based PWM switching strategies for a three-level dual-inverter-fed open-end winding induction motor drive and their comparative evaluation. IET Electric Power Applications, 2(1), 19–31.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Kumar, N., & Srinivas, S. (2016, November). Carrier phase shifted SPWM for CMV reduction in a three-level inverter using open-end winding induction motor drive. In 2016 IEEE Region 10 Conference (TENCON) (pp. 707–712). IEEE.

  21. 21.

    Satiawan, I. N. W., Citarsa, I. B. F., & Wiryajati, I. K. (2016). Simple PWM scheme for a four-level dual-inverter fed open-end winding five-phase motor drive.

  22. 22.

    Ratnani, P. L., & Thosar, A. G. (2014). Mathematical modelling of an 3 phase induction motor using MATLAB/simulink. International Journal Of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER), 4(6), 62–67.

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Ogunsiji, A., & Ladanu, W. (2017). A theoretical study of performance measures in the strategic and corporate entrepreneurships of firms. International Journal of Physical Sciences and Engineering, 1(1), 72–80.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to I. Ketut Wiryajati.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human participants and/or animals rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wiryajati, I.K., Giriantari, I.A.D., Kumara, I.N.S. et al. The performance analysis of dual-inverter three phase fed induction motor with open-end winding using various PWM schemes. Wireless Netw 27, 871–880 (2021).

Download citation


  • Dual-inverter fed
  • Open-end winding
  • Mixed divider switching
  • V/f constant
  • Signal processing