Wireless Networks

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 1265–1278 | Cite as

Efficient cooperative multicarrier underwater acoustic communication over the Persian Gulf channel

  • Abdollah Doosti-Aref
  • Ataollah Ebrahimzadeh


Real-time and reliable transmission with high data rate is one of the most crucial design issues in underwater acoustic (UWA) communications. This paper is part of an operational project in the Persian Gulf which is known as a shallow water channel worldwide. Building on the promising combination of cooperative and multicarrier techniques, we first address the design of an efficient UWA communication system over the Persian Gulf channel. We assume sparse and frequency-selective Rician fading, non-white correlated Gaussian ambient noise, and non-uniform Doppler distortion among subcarriers. Based on the extensive field measurements, we adopt a comprehensive channel model including modified sound speed profile, modified absorption coefficient, reflections from the surface and bottom of the sea, and modified ambient noise model. In our work, carrier frequency is efficiently determined based on the system and environmental parameters. In addition, a simple criterion for Doppler scale calculation is proposed. Moreover, based on the approximate auto-correlation function of the ambient noise, whitening filter is utilized at the receiver. In many applications of underwater acoustic sensors network (UW-ASN), nodes may not be big enough to have more than one antenna. Therefore, to achieve spatial diversity, cooperation between nodes can be a proper alternate method. In another part of this research, toward a proper approach that each node operates under full-duplex mode, we address a cooperative virtually-aided transmission scenario which is called cooperative multiple input single output. Simulation results demonstrate that our proposed models can significantly improve the bit error rate performance of UW-ASN in the Persian Gulf channel.


Cooperative multicarrier transmission CMISO OFDM Persian Gulf Underwater acoustic channel 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Babol University of TechnologyBabolIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical and Computer EngineeringBabol University of TechnologyBabolIran

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