Water Resources Management

, Volume 31, Issue 15, pp 5019–5042 | Cite as

Optimizing Adjustments to Transboundary Water Sharing Plans: A Multi-Basin Approach

Article
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Abstract

Afghanistan contributes water supplies to Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. However, with the exception of the Helmand Basin, Afghanistan has negotiated transboundary water sharing agreements with no downstream country. This paper describes a constrained optimization framework to minimize economic costs within each of nine Afghan transboundary basins of adapting to potential water sharing agreements. Model results show impacts of water agreements on farm income and food security for each Afghan basin. Our results show that unrestricted trading reduces the economic costs of adapting to water sharing treaties by two to 6 % compared to the conventional water sharing system. A higher scale of reservoir storage capacity as well as market trading of water among regions moderates costs of water shortages, both with and without water agreements in place.

Keywords

Economic benefit transboundary water resources constrained optimization water treaties 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge support by the New Mexico Agricultural Experiment Station and US Geological Survey International Division. Neither organization is responsible for errors in this document.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Science and Management ProgramNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Economics and Agricultural Business, Water Science and Management ProgramNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA

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