Water Resources Management

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 1139–1155 | Cite as

A Hybrid Fuzzy-Based Multi-Objective PSO Algorithm for Conjunctive Water Use and Optimal Multi-Crop Pattern Planning

  • Farshad Rezaei
  • Hamid R. Safavi
  • Maryam Zekri


This paper focuses on extracting an optimal multi-crop pattern plan through multi-objective conjunctive surface-ground water use management. Minimizing shortages in meeting irrigation demands, maximizing groundwater resources sustainability and maximizing agricultural net benefits are the three main goals of the multi-objective optimization problem solved in this paper. A new robust fuzzy-based multi-objective PSO algorithm called f-MOPSO is adopted and modified to solve a three-objective real-world conjunctive use management problem presented in this paper after testing on standard test problems revealed f-MOPSO superiority as compared to the well-known multi-swarm vector evaluated PSO (VEPSO) algorithm. The f-MOPSO benefits from a well-organized Sugeno fuzzy inference system (SFIS) designed for handling multi-objective nature of the optimization problems. The unique performance of f-MOPSO is not only presenting the better final solutions, but also aggregating the capabilities for measurement of dominance and diversity of the solutions in one stage by one index named comprehensive dominance index, in contrast to a wide range of multi-objective algorithms that evaluate dominance and diversity in two separate stages resulting in excessive computational burden. The optimization model is carried out on a 10-year long-term simulation period, resulting in increasing irrigation efficiency i.e. decreasing water losses, decreasing water consumption per unit cultivated area and increasing water productivity compared to those similar criteria observed in actual operation in the study area. The wheat and rice crops were identified as the dominant crops, while the optimization model was the least interested to onion cultivation, assigning the least average cultivation area to this crop over the whole planning period.


Conjunctive use Multi-crop pattern planning Multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) Fuzzy inference system Artificial neural networks 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Farshad Rezaei
    • 1
  • Hamid R. Safavi
    • 1
  • Maryam Zekri
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran

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