Development of Data and Information Centre System to Improve Water Resources Management in Indonesia
Most provinces in Indonesia will be facing water scarcity problems in the next decades due to increasing water demands resulting from population growth, urbanization and economic and industrial developments. As a consequence, they will also be facing a number of problems with regards water resource management, such as a lack of data and information needed to evaluate the real status of water resources, the unsystematic development of relevant infrastructure and economic instruments, inadequate human resources for the operation and maintenance of water resources, and a lack of interest in improving research and development activities. This paper examines the application of data and information management for improved water resources management in Indonesia through “one door data service system” linked among the related institutions from different sectors and levels both at the central and regional government agencies. One of the key solutions to help solve water resource problems would therefore be to obtain supporting data and information by developing an information system and water resources data centre (WRDC). Rapid developments in information and communication technology (ICT) could be used to support data communication and management requests in order to build capacity of the water resources sector, and as a prerequisite for an integrated water resources management program. Improved efficiency and effectiveness could be achieved by making relevant data and information available, as well by establishing a communication system among related institutions. Further, provinces should also prioritize developing human and social capital through education, service delivery and career development, as well as training for water resources development and management. Data and information such as the hydrological and water quality data, information of water resources potential, irrigation areas, population and economic growth as well as the others related data need to store in both the tabular and spatial formats. The water resources data management and warehouse system is a web-enabled application that permits spatial data to be stored with tabular data in a standard database management system. This system permits a dynamic generation of output from the tabular and spatial data and enables users to generate answers to their queries online, rather than simply presenting static maps and tables from the database. The WRDC applications were developed and chosen by gathering the ideas suggested by users at the ministerial, provincial and river basin levels. Within the resulting inventory system, information was grouped into irrigation scheme system; water resources potential; natural disaster; hydrological data and station networks; and other information. For the users at the ministerial level access the system by using local area network (LAN) connections and other users at the provincial and river basin levels or elsewhere in the world can use the internet for connections and regular browser software for system operation.
KeywordsWater resources management Data Information Indonesia
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Asian Development Bank, ADB (2005) Capacity building project in the water resources sector in Indonesia (Loan 1339-INO). Project Completion ReportGoogle Scholar
- Barmawi M, Amirwandi S (1999) Optimasi pengembangan sumber daya air terpadu: Studi BTA-155. Water Resources Research and Development and Directorate General of Water Resources, Bandung, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
- Fulazzaky MA, Akil H (2004a) Data and information management for capacity building of the water resources sector in Indonesia. International seminar on practices and experiences of water and wastewater technology, proceeding, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, 5–7 October 2004. IHP-VI Technical Documents in Hydrology No. 79 UNESCO, Paris, 2006. UNESCO Working Series SC-2006/WS/13Google Scholar
- Fulazzaky MA, Akil H (2004b) Data management and warehousing for capacity building of the water resources sector in Indonesia. In: Ragab R (ed) The 55th IEC meeting of the ICID and international workshop and special session on management of poor quality water for irrigation: institutional, health and environmental aspects. Moscow, 9–10 September 2004. Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH)—Natural Environment Research Council, Wallingford, Oxon, OX10 8BB, UK, 2004Google Scholar
- Java Irrigation Improvement and Water Resour Manag Project (1996) Basin water resources planning component. Final Report, Directorate General of Water Resources, Jakarta, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
- Report of Capacity building Project—Component 1 (1998) MIS and database design of water resources. Directorate General of Water Resources, Jakarta, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
- Report of Capacity Building Project—Component 7 (2002) Water resources data center. Directorate General of Water Resources, Jakarta, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar
- Woodward C (1997) WAS initial assessment report. BPPT, Jakarta, IndonesiaGoogle Scholar