Table 6 Standardized coefficients of the effects of partner modelling and partner encouragement on informal volunteering for friends and for neighbours, emotional support and various informal volunteering behaviours.

From: Informal Volunteering and Socialization Effects: Examining Modelling and Encouragement by Parents and Partner

  Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 8
β β β β
B2.A Informal volunteering for friends (N = 1465)
Partner modelling 0.066* 0.059* 0.070** 0.059*
Partner encouragement 0.129*** 0.125*** 0.123*** 0.126***
B2.B Informal volunteering for neighbours (N = 1445)
Partner modelling 0.101*** 0.093*** 0.101*** 0.080**
Partner encouragement 0.119*** 0.114*** 0.114*** 0.119***
B2.C Emotional support for friends and neighbours (N = 1470)
Partner modelling 0.049 0.034 0.033 0.017
Partner encouragement 0.101*** 0.097*** 0.099*** 0.105***
B2.D Helping with chores in or around the house (N = 1448)
Partner modelling 0.071** 0.062* 0.068** 0.058*
Partner encouragement 0.132*** 0.127*** 0.124*** 0.130***
B2.E Lending tools, equipment or clothes (N = 1451)
Partner modelling 0.120*** 0.118*** 0.118*** 0.097***
Partner encouragement 0.077** 0.074** 0.075** 0.081**
B2.F Helping with activities or events (N = 1429)
Partner modelling 0.183*** 0.172*** 0.162*** 0.146***
Partner encouragement 0.100*** 0.093** 0.088** 0.095***
B2.G Looking after (grand)children (N = 1347)
Partner modelling 0.031 0.024 0.042 0.036
Partner encouragement 0.092** 0.088** 0.086** 0.091**
B2.H Taking care of pets and plants when someone is on holiday (N = 1430)
Partner modelling 0.062* 0.058* 0.062* 0.040
Partner encouragement 0.095** 0.094** 0.097*** 0.095**
B2.I Driving someone to an appointment or providing other transport (N = 1442)
Partner modelling 0.062* 0.053* 0.063* 0.050
Partner encouragement 0.129*** 0.122*** 0.124*** 0.125***
  1. Models are controlled for the same variables as in Table 4. Full models are available at the authors
  2. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05