Table 4 Standardized coefficients of the effects of partner modelling and partner encouragement on informal volunteering (N = 1475)

From: Informal Volunteering and Socialization Effects: Examining Modelling and Encouragement by Parents and Partner

  Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 8
β β β β
Partner modelling 0.101*** 0.092*** 0.101*** 0.084**
Partner encouragement 0.139*** 0.134*** 0.134*** 0.138***
Other internal motivations
Agreeableness   0.031 0.039 0.033
Extraversion   0.110*** 0.119*** 0.117***
Being religious   0.049 0.042 0.027
Resources
Employment status (ref. = full time)     
 Part time    − 0.022 − 0.033
 Non-employed    0.036 0.041
Education    − 0.038 − 0.066*
Core discussion network size    − 0.017 − 0.014
Health    0.002 0.004
Household income    − 0.056 − 0.082**
Family characteristics
Partner's education     0.045
Partner's employment status (ref. = full time)     
Part time     − 0.036
Non-employed     − 0.041
Relationship duration     − 0.024
Number of children     0.039
Parental education     0.015
Parental encouragement     0.010
Parental modelling     0.092**
Control variables
Gender (ref. = female) 0.007 0.018 0.027 0.035
Age 0.030 0.024 − 0.017 0.045
R2 0.036 0.054 0.063 0.076
  1. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05