Table 1 Descriptive statistics for the full (N = 2464) and partnered sample (N = 1475).

From: Informal Volunteering and Socialization Effects: Examining Modelling and Encouragement by Parents and Partner

  Range All individuals Partnered individuals
Mean/prop SD Mean/prop SD
Informal volunteering 0–2.04 0.307 0.287 0.313 0.285
Independent variables
Parental formal volunteering (ref. = no) 0/1 0.347   0.354  
 Don't know about parental volunteering 0/1 0.065   0.056  
Partner formal volunteering (ref. = no) 0/1    0.348  
Parental encouragement 0–4 3.033 0.837 3.003 0.845
Partner encouragement 0–4    2.106 1.003
 Partner encouragement not applicable 0/1    0.028  
Control variables
Gender (ref. = female) 0/1 0.460   0.475  
Age (in years) 18–71 51.143 14.953 52.753 13.348
Agreeableness 1–5 3.913 0.578 3.921 0.556
Extraversion 1–5 3.215 0.679 3.236 0.663
Being religious (ref. = nonreligious) 0/1 0.325   0.344  
Employment status (ref. = full time) 0/1 0.290   0.299  
 Part time 0/1 0.292   0.306  
 Non-employed 0/1 0.418   0.395  
Education (in years) 6–16 12.380 2.684 12.519 2.634
Core discussion network size 0–5 3.020 1.830 2.919 1.817
Health (ref. = bad health) 0/1 0.819   0.841  
Household income (/100) 0–140 29.121  16.074 34.663 15.818
 Household income missing 0/1 0.075   0.077  
Having a partner (ref. = no partner) 0/1 0.599    
Parental education 4–16 10.256 3.715 10.109 3.551
 Parental education missing 0/1 0.085   0.071  
Relationship duration (in years) 0–56    26.567 15.503
Number of children 0–6    0.688 1.019
Partner's education 4–16    12.214 2.806
 Partner's education missing 0/1    0.014  
Partner's employment status (ref. = full time) 0/1    0.341  
 Part time 0/1    0.296  
 Non-employed 0/1    0.363