A Big-data Inspired Precision Improvement Algorithm for Autonomous Navigation Based on Period Variable Stars


Periodic variable navigation can realize the integration of positioning, attitude determination, timing and other functions. As a novel autonomous navigation method, autonomous management and autonomous operation of spacecraft are the main direction of great significance to reduce the burden of ground measurement and control, to improve the viability of spacecraft, While, the precision of the navigation is very critical for the use of periodic variable navigation for the long range spacecraft. So, we propose a big-data inspired precision improvement algorithm in this paper. Period variable star phase time measurement is used as observation information, and accomplished by the orbital dynamics equation of spacecraft motion. According to the gathering of the sampling data and the sensor data, a self-learning system is trained with the parameters from the nonlinear filtering methods. Based on the Unscented Kalman Filtering, an autonomous navigation algorithm of period variable star is established to realize the navigation and positioning of spacecraft. Under the measurement conditions of a single sampling interval of 0.01s and the measurement precision of period variable star phase observation time of 10− 5s, It can be find that the navigation position determination precision can reach 400m, the speed determination precision can reach 0.3m/s, and the measurement precision can reach 10− 5s with our proposed algorithm.

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Correspondence to Jiwei Chen.

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Chen, J., Tang, G. A Big-data Inspired Precision Improvement Algorithm for Autonomous Navigation Based on Period Variable Stars. J Sign Process Syst (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11265-021-01639-1

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  • Big-data analysis
  • Period variable stars
  • Autonomous navigation
  • Unscented Kalman filter