Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 233–242 | Cite as

A porcine-cholecyst-derived scaffold for treating full thickness lacerated skin wounds in dogs

  • Satheesan KarthikaEmail author
  • Sainulabdeen Anoop
  • C. B. Devanand
  • M. K. Narayanan
  • Madhavan Unni
  • Saji Eassow
  • Thapasimuthu Anilkumar
Original Article


In regenerative medicine, despite the chances of graft-rejection, scaffolds prepared from extracellular matrices of various mammalian organs/tissues are widely used. Graft-assisted healing of full thickness skin-wounds is a major use of these bioscaffolds. Therefore, considering its prospective clinical use as a wound healing matrix, this study evaluated the healing potential of porcine cholecyst-derived scaffold (CDS) prepared by a non-detergent/enzymatic method for treating naturally occurring full thickness lacerated wounds in dogs. The CDS caused, in comparison with a commercial-grade bioscaffold prepared out of bovine dermal collagen (BDC), faster healing with respect to the wound healing parameters like peripheral tissue oedema, necrosis (amount and type), indurations, granulation tissue formation and the extent of re-epithelialisation. After 28 days of the treatment, the wound area (mean + SE) reduced from 27.60 ± 8.96 cm2 to 0.19+ 0.18 cm2 and 21.39 ± 5.48 to 6.59 ± 2.60 cm2 in CDS and BDC treated animals, with a reduction in wound sizes by 98.95 ± 2.09% and 54.53 ± 15.90 respectively. By this time, complete wound healing was observed in at least 75% of the former and 25% of the later groups. The CDS was deemed as a candidate bioscaffold for treating full thickness lacerated skin wounds in dogs.


Regenerative medicine Bioscaffold Graft assisted healing Wound planimetry 



The authors received funding from Kerala Science Technology and Environment Committee (No. 1275/2014/KSCSTE). The authors would also like to thank the Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University for providing facilities to do this research work.

Compliance with ethical standards

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed: approval (No. AD/12/41/MVM/2014/SR) of the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee at the College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mannuthy.

“All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted.”

Conflict of interest

The authors did not declare any conflict of interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satheesan Karthika
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sainulabdeen Anoop
    • 1
  • C. B. Devanand
    • 1
  • M. K. Narayanan
    • 1
  • Madhavan Unni
    • 3
  • Saji Eassow
    • 4
  • Thapasimuthu Anilkumar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Surgery and RadiologyCollege of Veterinary and Animal SciencesThrissurIndia
  2. 2.Division of Experimental Pathology, Biomedical Technology WingSree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and TechnologyTrivandrumIndia
  3. 3.Department Clinical MedicineCollege of Veterinary and Animal SciencesMannuthyIndia
  4. 4.Meat Products of India Ltd. Edayar POKoothattukulamIndia

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