The present study was conducted to estimate autosomal and sex-linked genetic parameters by restricted maximum likelihood method using four different multivariate models for growth traits in Markhoz goat. Data were collected over a period of 23 years (1992–2014) from the breeding station of Markhoz goat. The studied growth traits were birth weight (BW), weaning weight (WW), 6-month weight (6WT), 9-month weight (9WT), and 12-month weight (12WT). The best model was determined by Akaike’s information criterion. Based on the best model, direct autosomal heritabilities of 0.18, 0.10, 0.12, 0.22, and 0.24 were obtained for BW, WW, 6WT, 9WT, and 12WT, respectively. On the other hand, estimates of direct sex-linked heritability for BW, WW, 6WT, 9WT, and 12WT were 0.02, 0.01, 0.002, 0.03, and 0.04, respectively. The maternal permanent environmental component was remarkable for growth traits. Direct autosomal additive genetic correlations among the traits were positive and varied from 0.11 between BW and 9WT to 0.95 between BW and WW. The positive correlations were also estimated for direct sex-linked additive genetic effect except between BW-6WT (− 0.07) and WW-6WT (−0.19). The result of this study indicated that sex-linked chromosome effect had more considerable influence at post-weaning traits.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Akaike, H., 1974. A new look at the statistical model identification. Selected Papers of Hirotugu Akaike. Springer, pp. 215-222.
Al-Shorepy, S., Alhadrami, G. and Abdulwahab, K., 2002. Genetic and phenotypic parameters for early growth traits in Emirati goat, Small Ruminant Research, 45, 217-223.
Baneh, H., Najafi, M. and Rahimi, G., 2012. Genetic parameter estimates for early growth traits in Naeini goat, Animal Production Science, 52, 1046-1051.
Barazandeh, A., Moghbeli, S.M., Vatankhah, M. and Mohammadabadi, M., 2012. Estimating non-genetic and genetic parameters of pre-weaning growth traits in Raini Cashmere goat, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 44, 811-817.
Bogdanović, V., Djedovic, R., Perisic, P. and Petrovic, M.M., 2006. Breeding strategy in small and closed livestock populations, Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, 23, 269-275.
Bohlouli, M., Mohammadi, H. and Alijani, S., 2013. Genetic evaluation and genetic trend of growth traits of Zandi sheep in semi-arid Iran using random regression models, Small Ruminant Research, 114, 195-201.
Dekkers, J. C., 2012. Application of genomics tools to animal breeding. Current Genomics, 13, 207-212.
Ducrocq, V., 1994. Multiple Trait Selection. Principles and Problems. Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Genetics in Applied Livestock Production. Guelph, 7–12 August, Guelph, OT, Canada, 455–462.
Eisen, E.J., 2007. Animal Breeding: What Does the Future Hold? Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 20(3), 453-460.
El-Awady, H.G., El-Moghazy, M.M., Abu El-Naser, I.A.M.and El-Raghi, A.A., 2019. Direct and Maternal Genetic Trend Estimates for Growth Traits of Zaraibi Goats in Egypt Using Multivariate Animal Models.International Journal of Modern Biology and Medicine, 10(1),1-19.
Fernando, R. and Grossman, M., 1990. Genetic evaluation with autosomal and X-chromosomal inheritance, Theoretical and applied genetics, 80, 75-80.
Ghahri, B.,Alijani, S., Rafat, S.A.,Nabavi, R. and Daghigh Kia, H., 2019.Genetic appraisal of growth traits in Iranian native Ghezel sheep using random regression models, Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 43, 372-379.
Gowane, G.R., Chopra, A., Prakash, V. and Arora, A., 2011. Estimates of (co) variance components and genetic parameters for growth traits in Sirohi goat, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 43, 189-198.
Jafaroghli, M., Rashidi, A., Mokhtari, M.S. and Shadparvar, A.A., 2010. (Co)Variance components and genetic parameter estimates for growth traits in Moghani sheep, Small Ruminant Research, 91, 170–177.
Jerome, F.N., Henderson, C. and King, S., 1956. Heritabilities, gene interactions, and correlations associated with certain traits in the domestic fowl, Poultry Science, 35, 995-1013.
Larsen, C.T., Holand, A.M., Jensen, H., Steinsland, I. and Roulin, A., 2014. On estimation and identifiability issues of sex-linked inheritance with a case study of pigmentation in Swiss barn owl (Tyto alba), Ecology and Evolution, 4, 1555-1566.
Latifi, M. and Mohammadi, A., 2019. Estimation of genetic parameters of autosomal and sex-linked pre-weaning traits in makuie sheep using multivariate. GENETIKA, 51(2), 365–375.
Latifi, M. and Razmkabir, M., 2019. Short communication: Estimation of genetic trends for body weight traits in Markhoz goat at different ages. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 17(1), e04SC01.
Lush, J.L., 1945. Animal Breeding Plans, By Jay L. Lush, 352-356.
Mandal, A., Neser, F., Rout, P., Roy, R. and Notter, D., 2006. Estimation of direct and maternal (co) variance components for pre-weaning growth traits in Muzaffarnagari sheep, Livestock Science, 99, 79-89.
Menezes, L., Sousa, W., Cavalcanti-Filho, E. and Gama, L., 2016. Genetic parameters for reproduction and growth traits in Boer goats in Brazil, Small Ruminant Research, 136, 247-256.
Meyer, K., 2010. WOMBAT–A program for mixed model analyses by restricted maximum likelihood. User notes. Version 1.0, Animal Genetic and Breeding Unit. Armidale, Australia: University of New England.
Moghbeli, S.M., Barazandeh, A., Vatankhah, M. and Mohammadabadi, M., 2013. Genetics and non-genetics parameters of body weight for post-weaning traits in Raini Cashmere goats, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 45, 1519-1524.
Mohammadi, H., Shahrebabak, M.M. and Shahrebabak, H.M., 2012. Genetic parameter estimates for growth traits and prolificacy in Raeini Cashmere goats, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 44, 1213-1220.
Mohammadi, K., Abdollahi-Arpanahi, R., Amraei, F., Mohamadi, E.M. and Rashidi, A., 2015. Genetic parameter estimates for growth and reproductive traits in Lori sheep, Small Ruminant Research, 131, 35-42.
Nabavi, R.,Alijani, S.,Taghizadeh, A.,Rafat, S.A. and Bohlouli,M., 2014. Genetic study of reproductive traits in Iranian native Ghezel sheep using Bayesian approach, Small Ruminant Research, 120, 189-195.
Nabavi, R., Alijani, S., Rafat, S.A. and Bohlouli, M., 2015.Genetic analysis of ewe productivity traits in Ghezel sheep using linear and threshold models, Slovak Journal of Animal Science, 48, 2015, 103-109.
Praharani, L., 2009. Estimation of direct and maternal effects for weaning and yearling weights in ball cattle, Indonesian Journal of Agriculture, 2(2), 74–81.
Rashidi, A., Sheikhahmadi, M., Rostamzadeh, J. and Shrestha, J., 2008. Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates of body weight at different ages and yearling fleece weight in Markhoz goats, Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 21, 1395-1403.
Rashidi, A., Bishop, S. and Matika, O., 2011. Genetic parameter estimates for pre-weaning performance and reproduction traits in Markhoz goats, Small Ruminant Research, 100, 100-106.
Rashidi, A., Mokhtari, M.S. and Gutiérrez, J.P., 2015. Pedigree analysis and inbreeding effects on early growth traits and greasy fleece weight in Markhoz goat, Small Ruminant Research, 124, 1-8.
Rout, P., Matika, O., Kaushik, R., Dige, M., Dass, G., Singh, M. and Bhusan, S., 2018. Genetic analysis of growth parameters and survival potential of Jamunapari goats in semiarid tropics, Small Ruminant Research, 165, 124-130.
SAS, 2004. SAS/ETS 9.1 User’s Guide. SAS Institute.
Snyman, M. and Olivier, J., 1996. Genetic parameters for body weight, fleece weight and fibre diameter in South African Angora goats, Livestock Production Science, 47, 1-6.
Snyman, M., Erasmus, G., Van Wyk, J. and Olivier, J., 1995. Direct and maternal (co) variance components and heritability estimates for body weight at different ages and fleece traits in Afrino sheep, Livestock Production Science, 44, 229-235.
Vatankhah, M., Talebi, M. and Blair, H., 2016. Genetic analysis of Lori-Bakhtiari lamb survival rate up to yearling age for autosomal and sex-linked, Small Ruminant Research, 136, 121-126.
Zhang, C.-Y., Zhang, Y., Xu, D.-Q., Li, X., Su, J. and Yang, L.-G., 2009. Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for growth traits in Boer goat, Livestock Science, 124, 66-71.
Zhou, H.-L., Gu, L.-H., Sun, Y.-Y., Xu, T.-S. and Rong, G., 2015. Genetic and phenotypic parameter estimates for growth traits of Hainan Black goat in southern China, Animal Production Science, 55, 447-453.
The authors would like to appreciate Markhoz goat breeding and husbandry station at Sanandaj, Kurdistan, Iran, and the contribution of all Markhoz goat breeding station staff, for farm management and on farm data collection.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Latifi, M., Naderi, Y., Mortazavi, A. et al. Variation in autosomal and sex-linked genetic effects for growth traits in Markhoz goat using multivariate animal models. Trop Anim Health Prod (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-020-02300-y
- Markhoz goat