Table 1 Household demographics of respondents and association with use of indigenous knowledge

From: Utilisation of indigenous knowledge to control ticks in goats: a case of KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa

Profiles IK use χ2 P value
Gender (%)
  Men 76.6 4.96 0.02
  Women 23.4   
Residence on farm (%) 87.4 1.71 0.04
Livestock training (%) 19.0 0.09 0.02
Age distribution (%)
  < 30 6.6   
  31–50 38.7 3.89 0.01
  > 50 54.8   
Educational status (%)
  Not educated 39.4   
  Primary level 34.2 1.25 0.74
  Secondary level 24.9   
  Tertiary level 1.2   
Sources of income (%)
  Government grant 37.9   
  Sales 25.6   
  Crops 16.3 4.48 0.05
  Salary 12.8   
  Goat products 5.47   
  Others 2.46   
  1. Others represent other sources such as money from working sons and daughters, ploughing for neighbours and taxi driving
  2. NS not significant (P > 0.05)
  3. Significant at *P < 0.05; highly significant at **P < 0.01