Towards community-based in situ conservation strategies: a typological analysis of Borgou cattle herding systems in northeastern Benin

Abstract

A thorough knowledge of cattle herding systems is very important for planning sustainable genetic improvement and conservation strategies. This paper is initiated to characterize Benin native Borgou cattle farming systems in its department of origin by mean of survey including 180 cattle farmers owning at least one phenotype of that breed. Using multiple correspondence analysis and hierarchical ascending classification, four groups of Borgou cattle farms have been identified. The first group qualified as “semi-intensive purebred Borgou cattle farming” own high numbers (87.2 ± 3.95 heads) purchased and reared with the view to promote its genetic improvement, its production, and its conservation as Benin animal genetic resource. The second group (sedentary purebred Borgou cattle farming) is represented by Bariba ethnic group with small numbers (22.18 ± 0.71 heads) of purebred Borgou cattle used mainly for draught. Cattle farmers of the third group are “large transhumant of Zebu and Borgou crossbred cattle farmers” represented by Fulani and Gando ethnic groups whose herds are generally composed of high numbers (75.20 ± 3.43 heads) of cattle acquired by purchasing, inheriting, and fostering. The last one is the “small transhumant of Zebu and Borgou crossbred cattle farming” with an average herd size of 31.98 ± 0.72 heads. Cattle farming is their main activity and animals are used for the production of milk and cheese. These distinctions between Borgou cattle farmers can be an anchorage point for designing sustainable community-based in situ conservation strategies for safeguarding this local breed in its original cradle.

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Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the University of Parakou for providing facilities for accomplishing this study. We also thank all the interviewees of the communes surveyed for their frank and valuable collaboration during the investigation.

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Correspondence to Hilaire S. S. Worogo.

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The article does not contain clinical studies or patient data. An informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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Worogo, H.S.S., Idrissou, R., Assani, A.S. et al. Towards community-based in situ conservation strategies: a typological analysis of Borgou cattle herding systems in northeastern Benin. Trop Anim Health Prod 52, 1055–1064 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-019-02101-y

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Keywords

  • Borgou cattle
  • Cattle farmers
  • Multiple correspondence analysis
  • Benin