Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 707–714 | Cite as

A review on breeding and genetic strategies in Iranian buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis)

  • Abbas Safari
  • Navid Ghavi Hossein-Zadeh
  • Abdol Ahad Shadparvar
  • Rostam Abdollahi Arpanahi


The aim of current study was to review breeding progress and update information on genetic strategies in Iranian buffaloes. Iranian buffalo is one of the vital domestic animals throughout north, north-west, south and south-west of Iran with measurable characteristics both in milk and meat production. The species plays an important role in rural economy of the country due to its unique characteristics such as resistance to diseases and parasites, having long productive lifespan and showing higher capability of consuming low-quality forage. In Iran, total production of milk and meat devoted to buffaloes are 293,000 and 24,700 tons, respectively. Selection activities and milk yield recording are carrying out by the central government through the Animal Breeding Centre of Iran. The main breeding activities of Iranian buffaloes included the estimation of genetic parameters and genetic trends for performance traits using different models and methods, estimation of economic values and selection criteria and analysis of population structure. Incorporating different aspects of dairy buffalo management together with improved housing, nutrition, breeding and milking, is known to produce significant improvements in buffalo production. Therefore, identifying genetic potential of Iranian buffaloes, selection of superior breeds, improving nutritional management and reproduction and developing the education and increasing the skills of practical breeders can be useful in order to enhance the performance and profitability of Iranian buffaloes.


Breeding strategy Buffalo Genetic selection Performance 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of GuilanRashtIran
  2. 2.Department of Animal and Poultry Science, College of AburaihanUniversity of TehranPakdashtIran

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