Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 807–813 | Cite as

Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode infections in goat flocks on semi-arid rangelands of northeastern Mexico

  • Raquel Olivas-Salazar
  • Alfredo Estrada-Angulo
  • Miguel Mellado
  • Armando Jacinto Aguilar-Caballero
  • Beatriz Isabel Castro-Pérez
  • Eduardo Gutiérrez-Blanco
  • Fernando Ruiz-Zárate
Regular Articles

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection in goat flocks on semi-arid rangelands of northeastern Mexico (25° N, 350–400 mm annual precipitation). The study included 668 pluriparous goats from 18 herds in five municipalities of Coahuila and Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Five genetic groups were considered (predominance of Boer, Nubian, Alpine, Saanen, and Toggenburg). Fecal samples were taken from the rectum of each animal to determine the number of eggs per gram (EPG) of GIN. The prevalence of flocks with GIN infections was 88.9%. Similar results were observed for the number of goats infected in the flocks. The Alpine breed presented the highest prevalence and highest EPG loads of GIN, whereas Boer and Nubian were the genetic groups with the lowest (P < 0.05) EPG. There was a negative effect of GIN infection on the live weight of goats (P < 0.05). The GIN genera found were Trichostrongylus spp. and Haemonchus spp. It was concluded that in the goat flocks of the semi-arid zones of Mexico was found a high prevalence of infections with gastrointestinal nematodes. The municipality and the breed of the animals were factors that showed influence on this prevalence and the level of infection of the goats.

Keywords

Goat Gin EPG Prevalence Semi-arid zones Mexico 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The first author, Raquel Olivas Salazar received a scholarship from SEP-MEXICO (DSA/103.5/16/5852) to undergo her Ph.D. studies at Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raquel Olivas-Salazar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alfredo Estrada-Angulo
    • 1
  • Miguel Mellado
    • 2
  • Armando Jacinto Aguilar-Caballero
    • 3
  • Beatriz Isabel Castro-Pérez
    • 1
  • Eduardo Gutiérrez-Blanco
    • 3
  • Fernando Ruiz-Zárate
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y ZootecniaUniversidad Autónoma de SinaloaCuliacánMexico
  2. 2.Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio NarroSaltilloMexico
  3. 3.Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y ZootecniaUniversidad Autónoma de YucatánMéridaMexico

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