Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 793–799 | Cite as

Herd-level risk factors for bovine viral diarrhea infection in cattle of Tamil Nadu

  • Subbiah Krishna Kumar
  • K. M. Palanivel
  • K. Sukumar
  • B. Samuel Masilamoni Ronald
  • G. Selvaraju
  • G. Ponnudurai
Regular Articles


A cross-sectional study was carried out to identify risk factors for bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infection in 62 randomly selected dairy herds which were tested for BVD serum antibodies by using an indirect ELISA kit (IDEXX). Results from the chi-square test analysis were interpreted by analyzing by chi-square test. A sum of 500 sera samples were screened and 66 animals (13.20%) showed positive for BVDV antibody. Within herd, BVD seroprevalence was 12–65%. This study concluded that epidemiological risk factors like location, herd size, housing patterns like, tail to tail system, roofing pattern, distance between the manure pit and farm, and distance between farms were significantly associated with BVDV serological status (P < 0.05).


Bovine viral diarrhea Cattle Seroprevalence Tamil Nadu 



The authors expressed their sincere thanks to Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai -51.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subbiah Krishna Kumar
    • 1
  • K. M. Palanivel
    • 2
  • K. Sukumar
    • 2
  • B. Samuel Masilamoni Ronald
    • 3
  • G. Selvaraju
    • 2
  • G. Ponnudurai
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary MedicineVeterinary College and Research InstituteOrathanaduIndia
  2. 2.Veterinary College and Research InstituteNamakkalIndia
  3. 3.Veterinary College and Research InstituteOrathananduIndia

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