Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 761–772 | Cite as

Prevalence and risk factors of mycobacterial infections in farm and trade cattle in southwestern Nigeria

  • Victor O. Akinseye
  • Muideen D. Adebayo
  • Oghenekaro O. Genesis
  • Olubukola D. Adelakun
  • Simeon I. B. Cadmus
Regular Articles


We evaluated the prevalence of mycobacterial infections (i.e., Mycobacterium bovis and non-tuberculous mycobacteria [NTM]) and their associated risk factors among cattle herds and trade cattle in southwestern Nigeria. Through cross-sectional study design, cattle herds from three locations were screened using the single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculin test based on two diagnostic standards; more than 4 mm (˃ 4 mm) and more than 2 mm (˃ 2 mm) cut-off points. Abattoir study involved screening trade cattle for tuberculous lesions. Overall, 515 cattle from 45 herds were screened. Using > 4 mm, animal level and herd prevalence of 11.7 and 46.7% were recorded, respectively. Applying the ˃ 2 mm cut-off, animal level and herd prevalence increased to 31.1 and 60.0%, respectively. Significantly, using the ˃ 2 mm cut-off, cattle in medium size herds/extensive management system (OR = 1.6; 95% CI 1.1–2.5) and Sokoto Gudali (OR = 2.3; 95% CI 1.4–3.8) were more at risk of being positive reactors, while Rahaji (OR = 0.3; 95% CI 0.1–0.7) breeds of cattle and cows in the peri-urban area (OR = 0.4; 95% CI 0.2–0.9) were less at risk of being positive reactors. Again, M. avium reactor of 21.7% was observed. In the abattoir, 1797 cattle were examined with 126 lesions suggestive of tuberculosis (TB). Culture/molecular analyses confirmed 2.2% M. bovis and 0.9% NTM infections. Risk factors associated with bovine TB among trade cattle were sex (OR = 4.0; 95% CI 1.2–13.5) and age (OR = 0.3; 95% CI 0.1–0.9). We confirm 11.7% prevalence of mycobacterial infections among populations of cattle screened with breed and herd size being major risk factors.


Bovine tuberculosis Non-tuberculous mycobacteria Single intradermal comparative cervical tuberculin test (SICCTT) Herd Abattoir Bacteriology 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor O. Akinseye
    • 1
  • Muideen D. Adebayo
    • 2
  • Oghenekaro O. Genesis
    • 1
  • Olubukola D. Adelakun
    • 1
  • Simeon I. B. Cadmus
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive MedicineUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria
  2. 2.Federal College of Animal Health and Production TechnologyIbadanNigeria

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