Poultry production and constraints in Eastern Province of Rwanda: case study of Rukomo sector, Nyagatare district
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A study was conducted in Rukomo sector, Nyagatare district, to determine the status of poultry production. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 100 poultry farmers randomly as 20 farmers from each of the five cells. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 and presented in chart and tables. The majority of the farmers (84%) reared their poultry in free range system while 10% practiced semi-intensive and only 6% did intensive production. Only 12% of the respondents kept exotic poultry breeds. The breeding stock were mostly obtained from local markets (63%) and the average flock size was about 1–10 birds per homestead (70%). The confinement of poultry at night was either in the main domestic house (33%), in kitchen (32%), or in separate poultry house (35%). Flock records were rare and kept by only 9% of respondents. Poultry products were reportedly at high demand by 87% of respondents and 89% farmers reported profit from their enterprises. Lack of veterinary and financial assistance was reported by 72% of respondents. Newcastle disease (57%) was the main health constraint followed by ectoparasites and internal worms. Many farmers (50%) were in dire need of veterinary assistance and financial support to improve their poultry enterprises. Poor management practices were reported to be one of the crucial factors leading to poor production. Lack of quality feeds (38%) and feeding of poultry, credit (20%), and poor market accessibility (19%) were the main challenges reported.
KeywordsPoultry farmers Technical factors Socio-economic constraints
The authors are grateful to the College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal and Bio- medical (COVAB) sciences of Makerere University (Uganda) for hosting the study.
Special gratitude goes to Borlaug Higher Education for Agriculture Research and Development (BHEARD) for its invaluable financial support towards this study work supported by the United States Agency for International development, as a part of the Feed the Future initiative, under the CGIAR Fund, award number BFS-G-11-00002. In the same vein, the government of Rwanda is also recognized for its support through the College of Agriculture, Animal Sciences and Veterinary Medicine (CAVM) of the University of Rwanda.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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