Transport in Porous Media

, Volume 122, Issue 3, pp 595–609 | Cite as

Displacement and Dissolution Characteristics of CO\(_{2}\)/Brine System in Unconsolidated Porous Media

  • Lanlan Jiang
  • Minghao Yu
  • Ying Teng
  • Mingjun Yang
  • Yu Liu
  • Weizhong Li
  • Yongchen Song


This study investigated the dynamic displacement and dissolution of \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) in porous media at 313 K and 6/8 MPa. Gaseous (\(\hbox {gCO}_{2}\)) at 6 MPa and supercritical \(\hbox {CO}_{2 }(\hbox {scCO}_{2}) \) at 8 MPa were injected downward into a glass bead pack at different flow rates, following upwards brine injection. The processes occurring during \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) drainage and brine imbibition were visualized using magnetic resonance imaging. The drainage flow fronts were strongly influenced by the flow rates, resulting in different gas distributions. However, brine imbibition proceeded as a vertical compacted front due to the strong effect of gravity. Additionally, the effects of flow rate on distribution and saturation were analyzed. Then, the front movement of \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) dissolution was visualized along different paths after imbibition. The determined \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) concentrations implied that little \(\hbox {scCO}_{2}\) dissolved in brine after imbibition. The dissolution rate was from \(10^{-8}\) to \(10^{-9}\, \hbox {kg}\, \hbox {m}^{-3} \, \hbox {s}^{-1}\) and from \(10^{-6}\) to \(10^{-8}\, \hbox {kg}\, \hbox {m}^{-3} \, \hbox {s}^{-1}\) for \(\hbox {gCO}_{2}\) at 6 MPa and \(\hbox {scCO}_{2 }\) at 8 MPa, respectively. The total time for the \(\hbox {scCO}_{2}\) dissolution was short, indicating fast mass transfer between the \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) and brine. Injection of \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) under supercritical conditions resulted in a quick establishment of a steady state with high storage safety.


Displacement Dissolution \(\hbox {CO}_{2}\) saturation Concentration Dissolution rate 



This study has been supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51506024, 51576032), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFB0600804), Liaoning Natural Science Foundation 201602160 and Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities (DUT16QY12, DUT16LAB02).


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Ocean Energy Utilization and Energy Conservation of Ministry of EducationDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina
  2. 2.Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the EarthKizugawa CityJapan

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