Telecommunication Systems

, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 701–712 | Cite as

Energy efficient dynamic optimal control of LTE base stations: solution and trade-off

  • Dan Huang
  • Wei Wei
  • Yuan Gao
  • Mengshu Hou
  • Yi Li
  • Houbing Song


The demand to reduce energy consumption in wireless networks has become popular recently. In this paper, aimed at the problem that how to reduce energy consumption through on-off control in wireless networks without losing system performance significantly, we present our solution both in a single base station and the multi-base station scenario. Under the assumption that the network arrival and departure process are Markov, we first model and solve the problem of optimal on-off control in single base station scenario using dynamic integer programming (DIP) method, then we extend the optimal solution to multi-base station scenario and raise an effective heuristic method in two layer networks, the trade-off between QoS level and energy consumption has been given according to our analysis and simulation. Numerical results are provided to demonstrate that the proposed method offer significant gain in terms of the energy efficiency.


Energy efficient On-off control Trade-off Flexible coverage Integer programming 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Electronic Science and Technology of ChinaSichuanChina
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringTsinghua University and China Defense Science and Technology CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.The High School Affiliated to Renmin University of ChinaBeijingChina
  4. 4.The Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringWest Virginia UniversityMontgomeryUSA
  5. 5.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringXi’an University of TechnologyXi’anChina

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