Systematic Parasitology

, Volume 95, Issue 5, pp 447–454 | Cite as

First report on cystacanths of Sphaerirostris lanceoides (Petrochenko, 1949) (Acanthocephala: Centrorhynchidae) from the Asiatic toad Bufo gargarizans Cantor (Amphibia: Anura) in China

  • Jing Kang
  • Liang Li
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Acanthocephala


Everted cystacanths of Sphaerirostris lanceoides (Petrochenko, 1949) Golvan 1956 are reported from the Asiatic toad Bufo gargarizans Cantor (Amphibia: Anura) for the first time. The prevalence was 1.96% and the intensity ranged between 1.0–3.0 acanthocephalans. SEM observations revealed the morphology of the gonopore and the presence of a flat, bare region on the apical part of the proboscis. Moreover, S. lanceoides was characterised using molecular approaches by sequencing the ribosomal ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region and the mitochondrial cox1 gene. The resulting ITS sequences were identical and the cox1 sequences showed a divergence of 0–0.75%. Sphaerirostris lanceoides is the first species of the genus for which the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 and cox1 loci have been sequenced to aid species identification.



The authors wish to thank Dr David I. Gibson (Natural History Museum, London, UK) for providing us some important literature. This study was supported by the Youth Top Talent Support Program of Hebei Province to Dr Liang Li.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable institutional, national and international guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Hebei Province, College of Life SciencesHebei Normal UniversityShijiazhuangP. R. China

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