Structural Chemistry

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 1927–1934 | Cite as

Asymmetric triiodide-diiodine interactions in the crystal of (Z)-4-chloro-5-((2-((4-chloro-5H-1,2,3-dithiazol-5-ylidene)amino)phenyl)amino)-1,2,3-dithiazol-1-ium oligoiodide

  • O.I. Bol’shakov
  • I.D. Yushina
  • E.V. Bartashevich
  • Y.V. Nelyubina
  • R.R. Aysin
  • O.A. Rakitin
Original Research
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

The crystal structure and properties of (Z)-4-chloro-5-((2-((4-chloro-5H-1,2,3-dithiazol-5-ylidene)amino)phenyl)amino)-1,2,3-dithiazol-1-ium oligoiodide (C2/c) synthesized from the initial bis(4-сhloro-5H-1,2,3-dithiazolo-5-ylidene)benzene-1,2-diamine (P21/c) have been characterized by various experimental and theoretic methods. The superposition of atomic basin boundaries in the electron density and in the electrostatic potential does not confirm the halogen bonding between the triiodide anion and sulfur atoms in cation. On the other hand, in the studied oligoiodide, the charge-assisted iodine–iodine halogen bonds are observed between the strongly asymmetric triiodide and diiodine units; thus, the oligoiodide anion includes at least two diiodine fragments with bond lengths 2.7334(4) and 2.7786(5) Å bound. This key trait has resulted in characteristic spectral and thermal features. Raman spectra do not contain typical triiodide bands but only those that are expectable for bound diiodine at 157 and 179 cm−1. Thermal decomposition has demonstrated release of both diiodine molecules within one decomposition stage without melting.

Keywords

Halogen bond Asymmetric triiodide anion Dithiazolium salts Raman spectroscopy Thermal analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, grant 4.1157.2017/PP and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, grant No. 17-03-00406. O.I.B. and O.A.R. are grateful for the financial support from the Russian Science Foundation, grant No. 15-13-10022. The authors express their gratitude to Sylvia Casassa for the assistance in specifying computations with the use of TOPOND14.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11224_2017_987_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (537 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 537 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • O.I. Bol’shakov
    • 1
  • I.D. Yushina
    • 1
  • E.V. Bartashevich
    • 1
  • Y.V. Nelyubina
    • 2
  • R.R. Aysin
    • 2
  • O.A. Rakitin
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.South Ural State UniversityChelyabinskRussia
  2. 2.Scientific and Technical Center on Raman Spectroscopy, A.N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement CompoundsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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