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Space Science Reviews

, 214:69 | Cite as

OSIRIS-REx Flight Dynamics and Navigation Design

  • B. Williams
  • P. Antreasian
  • E. Carranza
  • C. Jackman
  • J. Leonard
  • D. Nelson
  • B. Page
  • D. Stanbridge
  • D. Wibben
  • K. Williams
  • M. Moreau
  • K. Berry
  • K. Getzandanner
  • A. Liounis
  • A. Mashiku
  • D. Highsmith
  • B. Sutter
  • D. S. Lauretta
Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. OSIRIS-REx

Abstract

OSIRIS-REx is the first NASA mission to return a sample of an asteroid to Earth. Navigation and flight dynamics for the mission to acquire and return a sample of asteroid 101955 Bennu establish many firsts for space exploration. These include relatively small orbital maneuvers that are precise to ∼1 mm/s, close-up operations in a captured orbit about an asteroid that is small in size and mass, and planning and orbit phasing to revisit the same spot on Bennu in similar lighting conditions. After preliminary surveys and close approach flyovers of Bennu, the sample site will be scientifically characterized and selected. A robotic shock-absorbing arm with an attached sample collection head mounted on the main spacecraft bus acquires the sample, requiring navigation to Bennu’s surface. A touch-and-go sample acquisition maneuver will result in the retrieval of at least 60 grams of regolith, and up to several kilograms. The flight activity concludes with a return cruise to Earth and delivery of the sample return capsule (SRC) for landing and sample recovery at the Utah Test and Training Range (UTTR).

Keywords

OSIRIS-REx Bennu Asteroid Sample return Orbit determination Optical navigation Flight dynamics 

Abbreviations

\(\Delta\mbox{V}\)

Delta-V

AAM

Asteroid Approach Maneuver

ADM

Asteroid Departure Maneuver

AU

Astronomical Unit

CBE

Current best estimates

DCO

Data cutoff

DDOR

Delta-Differential One-way Ranging

Desats

Momentum desaturation maneuvers

DRM

Design Reference Mission

DSM

Deep Space Maneuver

DSN

Deep Space Network

DSS

Deep Space Station

DTM

Digital terrain maps

EGA

Earth Gravity-Assist flyby

FDS

Flight Dynamics System

FOV

Field of View

GM

Universal gravity constant (G) multiplied by planetary mass (M)

GN&C

Guidance, navigation, and control

KXIMP

KinetX Star-Based Image Processing Suite

L+

Days after launch

LIDAR

Light detection and ranging

LOTS

Launch Opportunity TIP States

MRD

Mission Requirements Document

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NFT

Natural feature tracking

OCAMS

OSIRIS-REx Camera Suite

OD

Orbit Determination

ODM

Orbit departure maneuver

OLA

OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter

OpNav

Optical navigation

OSIRIS-REx

Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security

Pr/No

DSN Designation for signal-to-noise ratio

PSF

Point spread function

RTN

Radial, transverse, and normal

SEP

Sun-Earth-probe

SPC

Stereophotoclinometry

SPE

Sun-Probe-Earth

SPOC

OSIRIS-REx Science Processing and Operations Center

SRC

Sample return capsule

SRP

Solar Radiation Pressure

TAG

Touch and Go

TAGCAMS

Touch and Go Camera System

TCM

Trajectory Correction Maneuver

TIP

Trajectory Interface Point

ULA

United Launch Alliance

UTTR

Utah Test and Training Range

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Williams
    • 1
  • P. Antreasian
    • 1
  • E. Carranza
    • 1
  • C. Jackman
    • 1
  • J. Leonard
    • 1
  • D. Nelson
    • 1
  • B. Page
    • 1
  • D. Stanbridge
    • 1
  • D. Wibben
    • 1
  • K. Williams
    • 1
  • M. Moreau
    • 2
  • K. Berry
    • 2
  • K. Getzandanner
    • 2
  • A. Liounis
    • 2
  • A. Mashiku
    • 2
  • D. Highsmith
    • 3
  • B. Sutter
    • 4
  • D. S. Lauretta
    • 5
  1. 1.KinetX AerospaceSpace Navigation and Flight DynamicsSimi ValleyUSA
  2. 2.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  3. 3.Aerospace CorpChantillyUSA
  4. 4.Lockheed MartinLittletonUSA
  5. 5.Lunar and Planetary LaboratoryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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