Space Science Reviews

, 214:69 | Cite as

OSIRIS-REx Flight Dynamics and Navigation Design

  • B. Williams
  • P. Antreasian
  • E. Carranza
  • C. Jackman
  • J. Leonard
  • D. Nelson
  • B. Page
  • D. Stanbridge
  • D. Wibben
  • K. Williams
  • M. Moreau
  • K. Berry
  • K. Getzandanner
  • A. Liounis
  • A. Mashiku
  • D. Highsmith
  • B. Sutter
  • D. S. Lauretta
Part of the following topical collections:


OSIRIS-REx is the first NASA mission to return a sample of an asteroid to Earth. Navigation and flight dynamics for the mission to acquire and return a sample of asteroid 101955 Bennu establish many firsts for space exploration. These include relatively small orbital maneuvers that are precise to ∼1 mm/s, close-up operations in a captured orbit about an asteroid that is small in size and mass, and planning and orbit phasing to revisit the same spot on Bennu in similar lighting conditions. After preliminary surveys and close approach flyovers of Bennu, the sample site will be scientifically characterized and selected. A robotic shock-absorbing arm with an attached sample collection head mounted on the main spacecraft bus acquires the sample, requiring navigation to Bennu’s surface. A touch-and-go sample acquisition maneuver will result in the retrieval of at least 60 grams of regolith, and up to several kilograms. The flight activity concludes with a return cruise to Earth and delivery of the sample return capsule (SRC) for landing and sample recovery at the Utah Test and Training Range (UTTR).


OSIRIS-REx Bennu Asteroid Sample return Orbit determination Optical navigation Flight dynamics 





Asteroid Approach Maneuver


Asteroid Departure Maneuver


Astronomical Unit


Current best estimates


Data cutoff


Delta-Differential One-way Ranging


Momentum desaturation maneuvers


Design Reference Mission


Deep Space Maneuver


Deep Space Network


Deep Space Station


Digital terrain maps


Earth Gravity-Assist flyby


Flight Dynamics System


Field of View


Universal gravity constant (G) multiplied by planetary mass (M)


Guidance, navigation, and control


KinetX Star-Based Image Processing Suite


Days after launch


Light detection and ranging


Launch Opportunity TIP States


Mission Requirements Document


National Aeronautics and Space Administration


Natural feature tracking


OSIRIS-REx Camera Suite


Orbit Determination


Orbit departure maneuver


OSIRIS-REx Laser Altimeter


Optical navigation


Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security


DSN Designation for signal-to-noise ratio


Point spread function


Radial, transverse, and normal








OSIRIS-REx Science Processing and Operations Center


Sample return capsule


Solar Radiation Pressure


Touch and Go


Touch and Go Camera System


Trajectory Correction Maneuver


Trajectory Interface Point


United Launch Alliance


Utah Test and Training Range


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Williams
    • 1
  • P. Antreasian
    • 1
  • E. Carranza
    • 1
  • C. Jackman
    • 1
  • J. Leonard
    • 1
  • D. Nelson
    • 1
  • B. Page
    • 1
  • D. Stanbridge
    • 1
  • D. Wibben
    • 1
  • K. Williams
    • 1
  • M. Moreau
    • 2
  • K. Berry
    • 2
  • K. Getzandanner
    • 2
  • A. Liounis
    • 2
  • A. Mashiku
    • 2
  • D. Highsmith
    • 3
  • B. Sutter
    • 4
  • D. S. Lauretta
    • 5
  1. 1.KinetX AerospaceSpace Navigation and Flight DynamicsSimi ValleyUSA
  2. 2.NASA Goddard Space Flight CenterGreenbeltUSA
  3. 3.Aerospace CorpChantillyUSA
  4. 4.Lockheed MartinLittletonUSA
  5. 5.Lunar and Planetary LaboratoryUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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