Space Science Reviews

, 214:59 | Cite as

Superluminous Supernovae

  • Takashi J. Moriya
  • Elena I. Sorokina
  • Roger A. Chevalier
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Supernovae


Superluminous supernovae are a new class of supernovae that were recognized about a decade ago. Both observational and theoretical progress has been significant in the last decade. In this review, we first briefly summarize the observational properties of superluminous supernovae. We then introduce the three major suggested luminosity sources to explain the huge luminosities of superluminous supernovae, i.e., the nuclear decay of 56Ni, the interaction between supernova ejecta and dense circumstellar media, and the spin down of magnetars. We compare these models and discuss their strengths and weaknesses.


Supernovae Superluminous supernovae Massive stars 



This review made use of the Weizmann interactive supernova data repository— (Yaron and Gal-Yam 2012) and the Open Supernova Catalog— (Guillochon et al. 2017). TJM is supported by the Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (16H07413, 17H02864) and the Munich Institute for Astro- and Particle Physics (MIAPP) of the DFG cluster of excellence “Origin and Structure of the Universe.” The work of ES (interaction models) is supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation grant 16–12–10519. RAC was supported in part by NASA grant NNX12AF90G.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Theoretical AstronomyNational Astronomical Observatory of Japan, National Institutes of Natural SciencesMitakaJapan
  2. 2.Sternberg Astronomical InstituteM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Department of AstronomyUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

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