An Action Research Study for Elaborating and Implementing an Electronic Waste Collection Program in Brazil


The objective of this study was to conduct Action Research (AR) to create and implement a WEEE management program that was in line with the BNPSW regulations. The city chosen for this study was São João del Rei (SJDR) located in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Using AR it was possible to structure a WEEE management program that involved stakeholders from the city administration, the Federal University of São João del Rei, and representatives from the private sector. The program ultimately collected 1710 kg of WEEE that received an environmentally appropriate destination. Although no major difficulties were observed with respect to the AR process itself, some challenges were encountered. Lack of infrastructure and hesitance on behalf of the public with respect to implementing WEEE Reverse Logistics were complicating factors. The action research as methodology proved to be highly efficient in dealing with e-waste reverse logistics. It resulted in faster decision making, in turn generating better results. Good decisions were repeated and errors were corrected. The Action Research project highlighted the need for raising public awareness about WEEE disposal. It also showed that the public was ultimately interested in participating and contributing to the proposed WEEE management program. The awareness of the population has led to a significant increase in the amount of collected waste. The model resulting from this research serve as a reference for decision makers in implementing similar programs around the world and to contribute to the existing body of knowledge on the subject.

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The authors would like to thank CAPES, CNPq and FAPEMIG, for their financial support of the projects used to develop this study.

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Correspondence to Roberta Alves.

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Alves, R., Ferreira, K.L.A., Lima, R.d. et al. An Action Research Study for Elaborating and Implementing an Electronic Waste Collection Program in Brazil. Syst Pract Action Res 34, 91–108 (2021).

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  • Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)
  • Managing e-waste
  • Reverse logistics
  • Action research