Russian Adaptations of General and Personal Belief in a Just World Scales: Validation and Psychometric Properties
In a questionnaire study, Russian versions of the General and Personal belief in a just world (BJW) Scales were validated. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis showed that the Personal BJW Scale could be empirically differentiated from the General BJW Scale; however, both scales correlated positively. Good internal consistencies of both scales were demonstrated. Age was positively correlated with personal BJW but not with general BJW. Gender differences were found neither in personal nor in general BJW. Personal BJW was found to be stronger than general BJW. Convergent validity was tested by inspecting correlations of BJW scales with the Basic World Assumptions Scale. Divergent validity was examined by inspecting correlations with Markers for the Big Five Factor Structure Scale and Justice Sensitivity Scales. Both personal and general BJW showed positive connections with all subscales of the Basic World Assumptions Scale (self-worth, benevolence of world, justice, luck, and control). We demonstrated divergent validity of personal BJW regarding intellect, agreeableness, conscientiousness, beneficiary and perpetrator sensitivity, and divergent validity of general BJW regarding intellect, beneficiary, perpetrator, and observer sensitivity. Both BJW dimensions were unrelated to beneficiary and perpetrator sensitivity. In addition, general BJW was not related to observer sensitivity. Results give evidence for satisfactory psychometric properties and validation of the Russian versions of BJW scales.
KeywordsBelief in a just world Personality psychology Five Factor model World assumptions Justice sensitivity Culture Validation
We are very grateful to Prof. Dr. Claudia Dalbert for her kind permission to use BJW scale in Russia; to Prof. Dr. Manfred Schmitt for the chance to get high professional advice and always fruitful discussion; to Dr. Michael Wu for giving experience of common research on justice psychology. We also express our gratitude to the volunteers who took part in our study. This research was partially supported by Russian Foundation for the Humanities (Project 15-36-01233 by N. Astanina) and by Russian Science Foundation (Project 14-18-02163 by S. Nartova-Bochaver).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.
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