Social Indicators Research

, Volume 126, Issue 1, pp 79–98

Individual Income Inequality and Its Drivers in Indonesia: A Theil Decomposition Reassessment


DOI: 10.1007/s11205-015-0890-0

Cite this article as:
Chongvilaivan, A. & Kim, J. Soc Indic Res (2016) 126: 79. doi:10.1007/s11205-015-0890-0


This article employs a Theil decomposition analysis to examine various dimensions of income inequality, using the 2007 Indonesian Family Life Survey. The empirical strategy is based on the individual-level income data—instead of group means as in the existing literature—and thus accounts for within-group dispersion of individual incomes. The decomposition exercise reveals that income inequality across education levels constitutes about 13 % of total income inequality. The urban–rural and interprovincial dimensions individually explain 6.0–6.5 %, but the contribution of income inequality by genders appears to be negligible. The findings highlight educational reform as an effective redistributive policy.


Income inequality Indonesia Theil decomposition 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Asian Development Bank (ADB)Mandaluyong City, Metro ManilaPhilippines
  2. 2.Institute of International and Area StudiesSogang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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