Comparative trends in research performance of the Russian universities
- 321 Downloads
We analyzed comparative trends in research performance of the Russian institutions based on the quantitative and qualitative data available in the international SciVal, Scopus, web of science and the national Russian databases from 2012 to December 2017. Russian Federation represented 2.0% of the world population and 2% of the researchers while accounting to 2.2% of the world publications (14th place in the world scholarly output) with overall field-weighted citation impact of 0.75. Scholarly output of the Russian authors increased by 79%, field-weighted citation impact by 12% and outputs in top citation percentiles by 21% but without a statistically significant positive association between higher investment in research and development and the increase the national GDP. Scholarly output for the Russian publications in mathematics, physics and astronomy are among 5 top countries. However, field-weighted mass media impact, the number of citations per publication, citations per author and per publication, metrics of international collaboration and the academic–corporation collaboration and economic impact of the Russian research remain low. Routine analysis of the research performance and economic impact of R&D expenditure should be reflected in transparent distribution of state research funding. Legal aspects of the international research must be developed to ensure a complete integration of the Russian science into international research activities.
KeywordsAcademic institutions Productivity Internationalization Russian Federation Artificial intelligence
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Abankina, I., Aleskerov, F., Belousova, V., Gokhberg, L., Kiselgof, S., Petrushchenko, V., et al. (2016). From equality to diversity: Classifying Russian universities in a performance oriented system. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 103(Supplement C), 228–239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2015.10.007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Asheim, B., Grillitsch, M., & Trippl, M. (2016). Smart Specialization as an innovation-driven strategy for economic diversification: Examples from Scandinavian regions. Advances in the theory and practice of smart specialization. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers (im Druck). Google Scholar.Google Scholar
- Bolotov, V., Kvelidze-Kuznetsova, N., Laptev, V., & Morozova, S. (2014). The h-Index in the Russian Science Citation Index. Educational Studies, 1, 241–262.Google Scholar
- Chen, K., Zhang, Y., Zhu, G., & Mu, R. (2017). Do research institutes benefit from their network positions in research collaboration networks with industries or/and universities? Technovation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2017.10.005.Google Scholar
- Colledge, L., & Verlinde, R. (2014). Scival metrics guidebook. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation. (2013). On measures of state support to the leading universities of the Russian Federation in order to increase their competitiveness among the world’s leading research and educational centers. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_143479/, No. 211(March 16 (Edited on 15.11.2017)).
- Decree of the President of the Russian Federation. (2012). On measures to implement state policy in the field of education and science. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_129346/, N 599(May 7).
- Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation., C. o. t. S. D. o. t. b. a. t. (2017). The Project of the Federal Law No. 15455-7 “On the Federal Budget for 2017 and on the plan period 2018-2019”. December(N 15455-7), http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=PRJ;n=158072#158070.
- Galeev, I. H., & Galeeva, N. H. (2012). Experience in analyzing publication and publishing activity using Russian Index of Science citations. Educational Technologies and Society, 15(1), 594–608.Google Scholar
- Gorin, S. V., Koroleva, A. M., & Ovcharenko, N. A. (2016). The Russian Science Citation Index (RSCI) as a new trend in scientific editing and publishing in Russia. European Science Editing, 42(3), 60–63.Google Scholar
- Kirillova, O. V., Soloshenko, NS., (2012). Comaprative analysis of the publication and citation activity between the Russian Federation and the countries of Eastern Europe. Educational Studies, (1), 148–175.Google Scholar
- Kulmala, M., Lappalainen, H., Petäjä, T., Kurten, T., Kerminen, V.-M., Viisanen, Y., et al. (2015). Introduction: The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX)—Multidisciplinary, multiscale and multicomponent research and capacity-building initiative. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(22), 13085–13096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Li, F.-.F (2017). Opening the Google AI China Center. https://www.blog.google/topics/google-asia/google-ai-china-center/, December 13.
- Li, J., Wu, D., Li, J., & Li, M. (2017). A comparison of 17 article-level bibliometric indicators of institutional research productivity: Evidence from the information management literature of China. Information Processing and Management, 53(5), 1156–1170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2017.05.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Meyer D. (2017). Vladimir Putin Says Whoever Leads in Artificial Intelligence Will Rule the World. Fortune, September 4 (http://fortune.com/2017/09/04/ai-artificial-intelligence-putin-rule-world/).
- Nikolaev, V. (2013). Tools for assessing publication activity: Ways to improve. Bulletin of the Saratov State Law Academy, 5(94), 6–7.Google Scholar
- Poldin, O., Matveeva, N. N., Sterligov, I. A., & Yudkevich, M. M. (2017). Publication activity of universities: the effect of the project “5-100”. Educational Studies, 2, 10–35.Google Scholar
- Reznik-Zellen, R. (2016). Benchmarking with SciVal in Scholarly Communication and Research Services.Google Scholar
- Russian Academy of Science. (2013). The concept of development of the Russian Academy of Sciences until 2025. Meetings of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, http://www.ras.ru/news/shownews.aspx?id=ebd03228-2fd1-4291-8af8-89f7c081547a.
- Schiermeier, Q. (2010). Russia to boost university science. Nature Publishing Group.Google Scholar
- Sokolov, D. V. (2014). Publication activity as a scientometric indicator: Russian and International experience. Journal of Science. Innovation. Education, 15, 131–147.Google Scholar
- Tereshchenko, D., & Shcherbakov, V. S. (2017). Economic analysis of publication activity in Russia. The Economics of Education, 3, 123–135.Google Scholar
- The Directive of the Government of the Russian Federation. (2012). Plan of measures to develop and improve the competitiveness of the leading Russian universities among the world’s scientific and educational centers. http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc&base=LAW&n=195286&fld=134&dst=1000000001,0&rnd=0.925379851922461#0, October 29(No. 2006-R).
- The Directive of the Government of the Russian Federation. (2013). Council on increasing the competitiveness of leading universities of the Russian Federation among the world’s leading scientific and educational centers. http://www.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=EXP;n=613313#0, April (N 529-p).
- The UK’s Department for Business, E. I. S. B. (2017). International comparative performance of the UK research base 2016. elsevier.com/research-intelligence.Google Scholar
- Tretyakova, O., & Kabakov, E. A. (2013). Possibilities and prospects for using citation indexes in assessing the performance of a scientific institution. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 6(30), 189–200.Google Scholar
- The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. 5-100 Russian Academic Excellence Project. https://5top100.ru/universities/.
- Zemlin, A. I. (2017). Legal aspects of the assessment of the performance of research organizations of the Ministry of Defense of Russia. Russian Military Journal, 1, 149–157.Google Scholar