An EU without the UK: mapping the UK’s changing roles in the EU scientific research
- 34 Downloads
In science, technology and innovation, the consequences of Britain’s exit (Brexit) for both Britain and the Europe Union (EU) are still uncertain. However, there is no doubt that in the years to come, the UK will need to re-calibrate its scientific collaborations with other EU countries. In this research, we aim to identify which EU countries would suffer the greatest loss and which research fields would be most affected by Brexit. Based on the scientific output of each EU country, as indexed by the Web of Science, we demonstrate that international scientific collaboration frequently involves the UK. We also define four types of roles according to the UK’s performance in production and collaboration; these roles are of great significance to our understanding of the status of the UK in the EU. In this sense, the UK acted as a leader in health sciences, a pioneer in social sciences, an assistant in physical sciences, and a participant in engineering.
KeywordsBrexit Scientific collaboration European Union United Kingdom
The authors thank two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments and suggestions. This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under Grant Nos. 71503031 and 71673038, as well as the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation under Grant No. 2016M591435.
- Dhingra, S., Ottaviano, G. I. P., Sampson, T., & Van Reenen, J. (2016a). The consequences of Brexit for UK trade and living standards. London: The Centre for Economic Performance (CEP) at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Retrieved from http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/brexit02.pdf.
- Dhingra, S., Ottaviano, G., Sampson, T., & Van Reenen, J. (2016b). The impact of Brexit on foreign investment in the UK. London: The Centre for Economic Performance (CEP) at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Retrieved from http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/brexit03.pdf.
- Elsevier, & BIS, U. (2013). International comparative performance of the UK research base-2013. London. Retrieved from https://www.elsevier.com/research-intelligence/research-initiatives/BIS2013.
- Elsevier. (2016). International comparative performance of the UK research base 2016. London. Retrieved from http://elsevier.com/research-intelligence/research-initiatives/BEIS2016.
- European Commission. (2015). EU expenditure and revenue 2007–2013. Retrieved October 6, 2015, from http://ec.europa.eu/budget/figures/2007-2013/index_en.cfm.
- Irwin, G. (2015). BREXIT: The impact on the UK and the EU. Global Counsel. Dostupno Na: https://www.Global-Counsel.Co.Uk/analysis/special-Report/brexit-Impact-Uk-and-Eu. September 29, 2016.
- Kierzenkowski, R., Pain, N., Rusticelli, E., & Zwart, S. (2016). The economic consequences of Brexit: A taxing decision. OECD Economic Policy Papers, (16), 1–27. Retrieved from http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/the-economic-consequences-of-brexit_5jm0lsvdkf6k-en.
- Pisani-Ferry, J., Röttgen, N., Sapir, A., Tucker, P., & Wolff, G. B. (2016). Europe after Brexit: A proposal for a continental partnership. Brussels: Bruegel External Publication.Google Scholar
- The Royal Society. (2015). UK research and the European Union: The role of the EU in funding UK research. London: The Royal Society.Google Scholar
- UK Office for National Statistics. (2015). UK government expenditure on science, engineering and technology. Retrieved September 23, 2015, from http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/rdit1/science-engineering-and-technology-statistics/2013/stbset-2013.html.
- Wadsworth, J., Dhingra, S., Ottaviano, G., & Van Reenen, J. (2016). Brexit and the impact of immigration on the UK. London. Retrieved from http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/brexit05.pdf.