Scientometrics

, Volume 114, Issue 2, pp 401–407 | Cite as

Eugene Garfield: brief reflections

Article
  • 171 Downloads

Abstract

Eugene Garfield ubiquitous presence in scientometrics masks to some extent his influential contributions in diverse areas. Taking this as a premise for this study, the article attempts to trace Garfield’s contributions in four key domains: in data analytics, in influencing scholars involved in the study of science as an epistemic practice and a knowledge product, his engagement with scholars in developing countries and in innovation and entrepreneurship. The article however provides only a glimpse of his deep engagement in the above domains. The study concludes by arguing for scientometrics to develop strong connect with the different strands of research in science studies and other cross-disciplinary areas which pioneer like Garfield undertook through his writings, developing social networks and creating knowledge products.

Keywords

Science studies Citation linkage Epistemology Information retrival Data analytics Entrepreneurship 

References

  1. Becker, M. C., Knudsen, T., & Swedberg, R. (2012). Schumpeter’s theory of economic development: 100 years of development’. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 22(5), 917–933.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Braun, T., Glanzel, W., & Schubert, A. (2010). The footmarks of eugene in the journal scientometrics. Annals of Library and Information Science, 57, 177–183.Google Scholar
  3. Callon, M., Law, J., & Rip, A. (1986). How to study the force of science. In M. Callon, J. Law, & A. Rip (Eds.), Mapping the dynamics of science and technology: Sociology of science in real world (pp. 3–15). London: The Macmillan Press Ltd.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. De Mey, M. (1982). The cognitive paradigm. Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Company.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Edge, D. (1995). Reinventing the wheel. In S. Jasanoff, G. E. Markle, J. C. Petersen, & T. Pinch (Eds.), Handbook of science and technology studies (pp. 3–23). Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  6. Garfield, E. (1955). Citation indexes for science: A new dimension in documentation through association of idea. Science, 122(3159), 108–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Garfield, E. (1971). Citation indexing, historio-bibliography and the sociology of science biography. Current Contents, No. 15, April 14. http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/essays/V1p132y1962-73.pdf.
  8. Garfield, E. (1979). Citation indexing—Its theory and application in science, technology and humanities. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Garfield, E. (1983). Mapping science in the third world. Science and Public Policy, 10(3), 112–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Garfield, E. (1987). How to boost third world science. The Scientist. https://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/8714/title/How-to-Boost-Third-World-Science/.
  11. Garfield, E. (2003). Using HistCite to map the output of small world, watson-crick 1953, Cell Death and Differentiation, P. Nicotera, and Gene Flow. http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/papers/leicester071103.pdf.
  12. Garfield, E. (2007). The evolution of the science citation index, search engine to the web-of-science, scientometric evaluation and historiography. http://garfield.library.upenn.edu/papers/barcelona2007.pdf.
  13. Herther, N. K. (2007). Eugene Garfield launches HistCite. http://newsbreaks.infotoday.com/NewsBreaks/Eugene-Garfield-Launches-HistCite-40024.asp.
  14. James, W. (1897). The will to believe and other essays in popular philosophy. Harlow: Longmans, Green & Co.Google Scholar
  15. Kuhn, T. S. The structure of scientific revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963 (1st Edition), 1970 (2nd Edition).Google Scholar
  16. Merton, R. K. (1979). Foreword. In E. Garfield (Ed.), Citation indexing—Its theory and application in science, technology and humanities (pp. i–ix). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  17. Price, D. J. (1963). Little science, big science…and beyond. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Price, D. J. (1965). Networks of scientific papers. Science, 149(3683), 510–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sen, B. K. (2014). Eugene Garfield—Glimpses of his writings. Journal of Scientometric Research, 3(1), 57–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sledzik, K. (2013). Schumpeter’s view on innovation and entrepreneurship. In Management Trends in Theory and Practice, (ed.) Stefan Hittmar. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2257783.

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIR-National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies (CSIR-NISTADS) and Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR)New DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations