, Volume 114, Issue 2, pp 389–399 | Cite as

Eugene Garfield on the Web in 2001



This paper reports on the results of an extensive search for information on Eugene Garfield on the World Wide Web. The searches took place in August 2001, using the search terms: “Eugene Garfield”, “Garfield Eugene”, “Gene Garfield”, “E. Garfield” and “Garfield E”. The five major search engines at that time were queried. 9711 different URLs were identified, out of which 4120 were related to Eugene Garfield, the information scientist. About 25% of these pages were characterized using the method of content analysis. The pages were classified into multiple facets: theme, substantiality, page type, publisher, creator, language, domain and site. The findings show that the most frequently mentioned themes (not surprisingly) were the use and theory of citation analysis, the Citation Indexes as products, the Impact Factor and the use of JCR data. Over 50% of the pages were scientific in nature and more than a third of the pages formally cited Garfield’s work. The findings based on the 2001 dataset were not published before.


Eugene Garfield Web visibility Content analysis 


  1. Bar-Ilan, J. (1998). The mathematician, Paul Erdos (1913–1996) in the eyes of the Internet. Scientometrics, 43(2), 257–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bar-Ilan, J., & Peritz, B. C. (1999). The life span of a specific topic on the Web—The case of ‘Informetrics’: A quantitative analysis. Scientometrics, 46(3), 371–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bergman, M. K. (2001). White paper—The deep web: Surfacing hidden value. Retrieved from
  4. Broder, A., Kumar, R., Maghoul, F., Raghavan. P., Rajagopalan, S., Stata, R., Tomlins, A., & Wiener, J. (2000). Graph structure in the Web. In Proceedings of the 9th international World Wide Web conference, May 2000, computer networks and ISDN systems, 33:309–320. Retrieved from
  5. Cothey, V. (2002). A longitudinal study of World Wide Web users’ information-searching behavior. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53(2), 67–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cronin, B., & Atkins, H. B. (Eds). (2000). The Web of Knowledge. A Festschrift in Honor of Eugene Garfield. Medford: Information Today.Google Scholar
  7. Cronin, B., Snyder, H. W., Rosenbaum, H., Martinson, A., & Callahan, E. (1998). Invoked on the Web. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 49(14), 1319–1328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. DiMaggio, P., Hargittai, E., Neumann, W. R., & Robinson, J. P. (2001). Social implications of the internet. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 307–336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ford, N., Miller, D., & Moss, N. (2001). The role of individual differences in Internet searching: An empirical study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 52(12), 1049–1066.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Garfield, E. (1996). Random thoughts of a pseudo-visionary about the present and future of the Internet. Presented at the national chemical information symposium, Charleston. Retrieved January 26, 2002 from
  11. Garfield, E. (1999a). Commentary: From photostats to home pages on the World Wide Web: A tutorial on how to create your electronic archive. The Scientist, 13(4), 14. Retrieved from
  12. Garfield, E. (1999b). From the World Brain to the informatorium. From
  13. Internet Archive (2002). How big is a terabyte? Retrieved from
  14. Internet Archive (2017). Homepage. Retrieved from
  15. Koehler, W. (2002). Web page change and persistence—A four-year longitudinal study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53(2), 162–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Krippendorff, K. (1980). Content analysis—An introduction to its methodology. Beverly Hills: Sage Publication.MATHGoogle Scholar
  17. Kumar, R., Raghavan, P., Rajagopalan, S., & Tomkins, A. (1999). Trawling the Web for emerging cyber-communities. In Proceedings of the 8th World Wide Web conference. Retrieved from
  18. Lawrence, S., & Giles, C. L. (1999). Accessibility and distribution of information on the Web. Nature, 400, 107–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sullivan, D. (2001). Search Engine Sizes. The Search Engine Report. Retrieved Decemember 11, 2001. Retrieved from;
  20. The Scientist Staff (2017). Scientometrics pioneer Eugene Garfield dies. Retrieved from
  21. White, H. (2000). Toward ego-centered citation analysis. In B. Cronin & H. B. Atkins (Eds.), The web of knowledge—a Festschrift in honor of Eugene Garfield (pp. 475–496). Medford: Information Today, Inc. ASIS Monograph Series.Google Scholar
  22. Wouters, P. (2017). Eugene Garfield (1925–2017). Nature. Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bar-Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael

Personalised recommendations