Role of bilateral institution in influencing collaboration: case study of CEFIPRA—a bilateral S&T institution established by India and France
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International collaboration has become a strategic policy initiative for building scientific competency in different countries. This is driven by increasing realisation that no country possess all the wherewithal to address complexities of scientific research, dedicate huge funding, and confront global challenges. Varied institutional mechanisms have been created by different countries for strategising international collaboration such as signing bilateral agreements, initiating dedicated programs with partner countries in different S&T areas. Some countries have further deepened their relationship by creating bilateral S&T organisations/specialised centres. The role of bilateral organisation in strengthening inter-country research and innovation partnership is not explicitly underscored in collaboration studies. The present study addresses this issue by taking up the case study of a bilateral organisation IFCPAR/CEFIPRA (Indo-French Centre for Promotion of Advanced Research/Centre Franco-Indien pour la Promotion de la Recherche Avancée) which was established by India and France in 1987 to support their science and technology partnership. Through this case study the paper draws insight of inter-country collaboration in S&T and show how its dynamics and structural aspects are affected by a bilateral organisation.
KeywordsS&T collaboration Bilateral organisation India France CEFIPRA
JEL ClassificationO30 O31
The authors thank IFCPAR/CEFIPRA for supporting the study “CEFIPRA 25: Strengthening bilateral collaboration and cooperation in science, technology and innovation between India and France”. The paper is derived from this study. We especially thank Director CEFIPRA Dr. Debapriya Dutta for providing us access to feedbacks of PIs, minutes of the meetings and other internal documents of CEFIPRA. Discussion with him enriched our understanding of this organisation. We thank Mr. V. V. Rao and Ms. Sathidevi of CEFIPRA for their support. We thank Mr. Varun Srivats, Ms. Noklenyangla and Mr. Fayaz Ahmad Sheikh for their helpful comments. We thank both the referees for critical reading of our manuscript and very useful comments.
An early draft of this work from which abstract was developed was accepted in the ‘9th International Conference on Webometrics, Informetrics and Scientometrics’ and published in the proceeding of the said conference (http://www.etag.ee/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/9th-International-Conference-on-Webometrics_conference-booklet.pdf). We thank COLLNET ‘9th International Conference on Webometrics, Informetrics and Scientometrics’ for publishing our work in the proceeding. The authors could not attend the conference and hence could not present their work in the said conference.
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