Single parameter indices and bibliometric outliers
In this paper, we look at the issue of the high-end of research performance which is captured in the tail of a citation distribution. As the mean is insufficient to capture the skewness of such distributions, a consistency or concentration measure is the additional parameter needed. We show that the h-index is only approximately a heuristic mock of a composite indicator built from three primary indicators which are the number, mean and consistency term. The z-index is able to sense the change in consistency in the distribution due to the outliers in the tail of the distribution.
KeywordsScientometric distributions Extreme values Mean Quantity Consistency Citation h-Index z-Index
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