, Volume 93, Issue 2, pp 459–471 | Cite as

Hybrid documents co-citation analysis: making sense of the interaction between science and technology in technology diffusion

  • Ji-ping Gao
  • Kun Ding
  • Li Teng
  • Jie Pang


The paper presents a methodology called hybrid documents co-citation analysis, for studying the interaction between science and technology in technology diffusion. Our approach rests mostly on patent citation, cluster analysis and network analysis. More specifically, with the patents citing Smalley RE in Derwent innovations index as the data sets, the paper implemented hybrid documents co-citation network through two procedures. Then spectrum cluster algorithm was used to reveal the knowledge structure in technology diffusion. After that, with the concordance between network properties and technology diffusion mechanisms, three indicators containing degree, betweenness and citation half-life, were calculated to discuss the basic documents in the pivotal position during the technology diffusion. At last, the paper summarized the hybrid documents co-citation analysis in practise, thus concluded that science and technology undertook different functions and acted dominatingly in the different period of technology diffusion, though they were co-activity all the time.


Hybrid documents co-citation Technology diffusion Cluster analysis Network analysis 



This paper was initiated at the 13th ISSI Conference, Duban, South Africa. The authors would like to thank the anonymous referees for their helpful comments. And the authors also like to acknowledge the financial support from the National Social Science Foundation of China (Project No.08BTQ025) and Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (SRFDP) (20110041110034).


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Science Studies and S&T Management and WISE Lab, Dalian University of TechnologyDalianPeople’s Republic of China

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