, 89:967 | Cite as

The determinants of research collaboration modes: exploring the effects of research and researcher characteristics on co-authorship



Given the high priority accorded to research collaboration on the assumption that it yields higher productivity and impact rates than do non-collaborative results, research collaboration modes are assessed for their benefits and costs before being executed. Researchers are accountable for selecting their collaboration modes, a decision made through strategic decision making influenced by their environments and the trade-offs among alternatives. In this context, by using bibliographic information and related internal data from the Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials (KIMM, a representative Korean government institute of mechanical research), this paper examines the suggested yet unproven determinants of research collaboration modes that the SCI data set cannot reveal through a Multinomial Probit Model. The results indicate that informal communication, cultural proximity, academic excellence, external fund inspiration, and technology development levels play significant roles in the determination of specific collaboration modes, such as sole research, internal collaboration, domestic collaboration, and international collaboration. This paper refines collaboration mode studies by describing the actual collaboration phenomenon as it occurs in research institutes and the motivations prompting research collaboration, allowing research mangers to encourage researchers to collaborate in an appropriate decision-making context.


Research collaboration Research and development strategy Co-authorship Multinomial probit model 

Mathematics Subject Classification


JEL Classification



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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Research and Development PolicyKorea Institute of Machinery and Materials (KIMM)Yuseong-GuKorea
  2. 2.Center for Growth Engine IndustriesKorea Institute for Industrial Economics and Trade (KIET)Dongdaemun-guKorea

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