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Scientometrics

, Volume 85, Issue 2, pp 387–400 | Cite as

What makes a journal international? A case study using conservation biology journals

  • Michael Calver
  • Grant Wardell-Johnson
  • Stuart Bradley
  • Ross Taplin
Article

Abstract

The qualitative label ‘international journal’ is used widely, including in national research quality assessments. We determined the practicability of analysing internationality quantitatively using 39 conservation biology journals, providing a single numeric index (IIJ) based on 10 variables covering the countries represented in the journals’ editorial boards, authors and authors citing the journals’ papers. A numerical taxonomic analysis refined the interpretation, revealing six categories of journals reflecting distinct international emphases not apparent from simple inspection of the IIJs alone. Categories correlated significantly with journals’ citation impact (measured by the Hirsch index), with their rankings under the Australian Commonwealth’s ‘Excellence in Research for Australia’ and with some countries of publication, but not with listing by ISI Web of Science. The assessments do not reflect on quality, but may aid editors planning distinctive journal profiles, or authors seeking appropriate outlets.

Keywords

International journal Conservation biology Journal ranking Bibliometrics Citation studies 

Abbreviations

AMN

American Midland Naturalist

AMNov

American Museum Novitates

ABC

Animal Biodiversity and Conservation

AC

Animal Conservation

ACMFE

Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems

ANCLR

Archives of Nature Conservation and Landscape Research

B&C

Biodiversity and Conservation

BC

Biological Conservation

BI

Biological Invasions

BCI

Bird Conservation International

BAMNH

Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History

CFN

Canadian Field Naturalist

CCB

Chelonian Conservation and Biology

CB

Conservation Biology

CE

Conservation Ecology/Ecology and Society

CG

Conservation Genetics

CSWA

Conservation Science Western Australia

DD

Diversity and Distributions

EEC

Ecology, Environment & Conservation

ERC

Ecos: a Review of Conservation

EC

Environmental Conservation

GCB

Global Change Biology

JJCB

Japanese Journal of Conservation Ecology

JNC

Journal for Nature Conservation (Muzaffarnagar)

JCC

Journal of Coastal Conservation

JIC

Journal of Insect Conservation

JNH

Journal of Natural History

NH

Natural History

N-EN

Northeastern Naturalist

PCB

Pacific Conservation Biology

P

Paleobiology

PB

Polar Biology

PANSP

Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

PLSNSW

Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales

RCHN

Revista Chilena de Historia Natural

SC

Science for Conservation

S-EN

Southeastern Naturalist

S-WN

Southwestern Naturalist

WNAN

Western North American Naturalist

Mathematical Subject Classification (2010)

62H30 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank, without implication, Harry Recher, Helmut Abt and an anonymous reviewer for helpful reviews. Chris Dickman sourced editorial details for a journal we could not access readily and staff from the document delivery section of the Murdoch University library located information for titles not held in Western Australia.

Supplementary material

11192_2010_273_MOESM1_ESM.doc (102 kb)
DOC 102 kb

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Calver
    • 1
  • Grant Wardell-Johnson
    • 2
  • Stuart Bradley
    • 1
  • Ross Taplin
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Biological Sciences and BiotechnologyMurdoch UniversityMurdochAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Environment and AgricultureCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  3. 3.School of AccountingCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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