What makes a journal international? A case study using conservation biology journals
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The qualitative label ‘international journal’ is used widely, including in national research quality assessments. We determined the practicability of analysing internationality quantitatively using 39 conservation biology journals, providing a single numeric index (IIJ) based on 10 variables covering the countries represented in the journals’ editorial boards, authors and authors citing the journals’ papers. A numerical taxonomic analysis refined the interpretation, revealing six categories of journals reflecting distinct international emphases not apparent from simple inspection of the IIJs alone. Categories correlated significantly with journals’ citation impact (measured by the Hirsch index), with their rankings under the Australian Commonwealth’s ‘Excellence in Research for Australia’ and with some countries of publication, but not with listing by ISI Web of Science. The assessments do not reflect on quality, but may aid editors planning distinctive journal profiles, or authors seeking appropriate outlets.
KeywordsInternational journal Conservation biology Journal ranking Bibliometrics Citation studies
American Midland Naturalist
American Museum Novitates
Animal Biodiversity and Conservation
Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems
Archives of Nature Conservation and Landscape Research
Biodiversity and Conservation
Bird Conservation International
Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
Canadian Field Naturalist
Chelonian Conservation and Biology
Conservation Ecology/Ecology and Society
Conservation Science Western Australia
Diversity and Distributions
Ecology, Environment & Conservation
Ecos: a Review of Conservation
Global Change Biology
Japanese Journal of Conservation Ecology
Journal for Nature Conservation (Muzaffarnagar)
Journal of Coastal Conservation
Journal of Insect Conservation
Journal of Natural History
Pacific Conservation Biology
Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales
Revista Chilena de Historia Natural
Science for Conservation
Western North American Naturalist
Mathematical Subject Classification (2010)62H30
We thank, without implication, Harry Recher, Helmut Abt and an anonymous reviewer for helpful reviews. Chris Dickman sourced editorial details for a journal we could not access readily and staff from the document delivery section of the Murdoch University library located information for titles not held in Western Australia.
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