Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 36, Issue 6, pp 377–382 | Cite as

Gradient Genogeographic Analysis of Pinus sylvestris L. Populations in Europe

  • S. N. Sannikov
  • I. V. Petrova
  • N. S. Sannikova
  • T. V. Filippova


Gradients of Nei's genetic distances between 15 samples of Pinus sylvestris L. trees were analyzed along three submeridional transects, from Scandinavia to the Mediterranean and Transcaucasia. As a result, distinct chorogenetic differentiation was revealed between the populations of this species growing in climatically specific regions of northern and southern Europe. Considerable Nei's distances (DN = 0.045–0.056) and their gradients, combined with differences in stable phenotypic characters (the composition of monoterpenes and morphological parameters of cones) determined at the Pyrenean and Caucasian mountain borders, suggest that the P. sylvestris species structure includes two South Eurasian subspecies, the Pyrenean P. sylvestris L., ssp. iberica Svoboda and the Transcaucasian P. sylvestris L., ssp. hamata (Stev.) Fomin.

Key words

Scotch pine Europe population subspecies isozyme analysis chorogenetic differentiation genetic distance genetic distance gradient 


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Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. N. Sannikov
    • 1
  • I. V. Petrova
    • 1
  • N. S. Sannikova
    • 1
  • T. V. Filippova
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanical Garden, Ural DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia

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