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Russian Journal of General Chemistry

, Volume 74, Issue 10, pp 1547–1551 | Cite as

Thermal decomposition of gem-dinitroethylnitramines

  • R. S. Stepanov
  • L. A. Kruglyakova
  • A. M. Astakhov
Article

Abstract

Thermal decomposition of C,N-disubstituted gem-dinitroethylnitramines in dilute solutions in inert solvents is a first-order reaction and it is unaffected by the polarity of the solvent. The rate constant is largely controlled by the steric effect of the substituent at the carbon atom bearing gem-nitro groups. A correlation is found between the rate constant and the steric constant Es of the substituent. This correlation permits prediction not only of thermal stability of yet unexplored compounds, but also of change of the decomposition mechanism.

Keywords

Thermal Stability Carbon Atom Thermal Decomposition Steric Effect Decomposition Mechanism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. S. Stepanov
    • 1
  • L. A. Kruglyakova
    • 1
  • A. M. Astakhov
    • 1
  1. 1.Siberian State Technological UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia

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