Russian Journal of General Chemistry

, Volume 74, Issue 10, pp 1547–1551 | Cite as

Thermal decomposition of gem-dinitroethylnitramines

  • R. S. Stepanov
  • L. A. Kruglyakova
  • A. M. Astakhov


Thermal decomposition of C,N-disubstituted gem-dinitroethylnitramines in dilute solutions in inert solvents is a first-order reaction and it is unaffected by the polarity of the solvent. The rate constant is largely controlled by the steric effect of the substituent at the carbon atom bearing gem-nitro groups. A correlation is found between the rate constant and the steric constant Es of the substituent. This correlation permits prediction not only of thermal stability of yet unexplored compounds, but also of change of the decomposition mechanism.


Thermal Stability Carbon Atom Thermal Decomposition Steric Effect Decomposition Mechanism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Manelis, G.B., Nazin, G.M., Rubtsov, Yu.I., and Strunin, V.A., Termicheskoe razlozhenie i gorenie vzryvchatykh veshchestv i porokhov (Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Explosives and Powders), Moscow: Nauka, 1996.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nazin, G.M. and Manelis, G.B., Usp, Khim., 1994, vol. 63, no.4, p. 327.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Flournoy, J.M., J. Chem. Phys., 1962, vol. 36, no.4, p. 1107.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Polyakova, A.A. and Khmelnitskii, R.A., Mass-spektrometriya v organicheskoi khimii (Mass Spectrometry in Organic Chemistry), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1972.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khrapkovskii, G.M., Shamov, A.G., Shamov, G.A., and Shlyapochnikov, V.A., Ross. Khim. Zh., 1997, vol. 41, no.4, p. 14.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Palm, V.A., Osnovy kolichestvennoi teorii organicheskikh reaktsii (Fundamentals of Quantitative Theory of Organic Reactions), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1977.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shan’ko, V.N., Stepanov, R.S., and Gidaspov, B.V., Materialy konferentsii po itogam nauchno-issledovatel’skikh rabot. Sektsiya organicheskoi khimii (Proc. Conf. on the Results of Research Works. Section of Organic Chemistry), Krasnoyarsk: Stavropol. Tekhnol. Inst., 1971, p. 41.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stepanov, R.S., Shan’ko, V.N., Medvetskaya, I.P., and Gorodetskaya, V.M., Khimicheskaya fizika protsessov goreniya i vzryva. Kinetika khimicheskikh reaktsii (Chemical Physics of the Processes of Combustion and Explosion. Kinetics of Chemical Reactions), Chernogolovka: Inst. Obshch. Neorg. Fiz. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1977, p. 56.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Korsunskii, B.L., Matveev, V.G., Nazina, L.D., and Nazin, G.M., Izv. Ross. Akad. Nauk, Ser. Khim., 1998, no. 2, p. 259.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Frankel, M.B. and Klager, K., J. Chem. Eng. Data, 1962, no 7, p. 412.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Feuer, H. and Swarts, W.A., J. Org. Chem., 1962, vol. 27, p. 1455←1459.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Stepanov R.S., Fiziko-khimicheskie ispytaniya vzryvchatykh veshchestv (Physicochemical Tests of Explosives), Krasnoyarsk: Krasnoyarsk. Politekh. Inst., 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. S. Stepanov
    • 1
  • L. A. Kruglyakova
    • 1
  • A. M. Astakhov
    • 1
  1. 1.Siberian State Technological UniversityKrasnoyarskRussia

Personalised recommendations