Advertisement

Russian Journal of Electrochemistry

, Volume 41, Issue 9, pp 911–918 | Cite as

Reduction of Triple-Charged Chromium Ions on Indium Cathode in Alkaline Sulfate Solutions

  • V. N. Korshunov
  • V. A. Safonov
  • L. N. Vykhodtseva
Article
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

The problem of how the surface coverage of an indium electrode with chromium adatoms formed during the discharge of Cr(III) ions affects electrolytic evolution of hydrogen in alkaline solutions is studied using linear and cyclic voltametry. The method used permits stating that, in alkalinized media, the chromium deposition abruptly decelerates due to the formation of a hydroxide film on the electrode surface. Based on the results obtained, it is assumed that this film consists of mixed Cr(III)- and Cr(II)-containing hydroxo compounds (of the chromite type) and coadsorbed Crn clusters formed in the course of electrolysis.

Key words

Cr(III) ion electroreduction indium electrode voltametry hydroxo compounds hydroxide film 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Stender, V.V., Prikladnaya elektrokhimiya (Applied Electrochemistry), Kharkov: Kharkov. Univ., 1961.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fedot'ev, N.P., Alabyshev, A.F., Rotinyan, A.L., Vyacheslavov, P.M., Zhivotinskii, P.V., and Gal'nbek, A.A., Prikladnaya elektrokhimiya (Applied Electrochemistry), Leningrad: Goskhimizdat, 1962.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Baes, C.F. and Mesmer, R.E., The Hydrolysis of Cations, New York: Wiley, 1976.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kirillov, A.M., Karabach, E.A., Kopylovich, M.N., and Baev, A.K., Zh. Neorg. Khim., 2003, vol. 48, p. 516.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ba, Kh.N. and Vi, N.D., Elektrokhimiya, 1968, vol. 4, p. 990.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Becdelievre, A.A. and Bouyssoux, G., J. Chim. Phys. Phys.-Chim. Biol., 1970, vol. 67, p. 1821.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Solov'eva, Z.A. and Lapshina, A.N., Elektrokhimiya, 1966, vol. 2, p. 767.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Falicheva, A.I., Shalimov, Yu.N., and Ionova, I.G., Zashch. Met., 1972, vol. 8, p. 499.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zayats, A.I., Zosimovich, D.P., Chebukina, L.K., and Snetkova, L.P., Ukr. Khim. Zh., 1967, vol. 33, p. 1249.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Edigaryan, A.A. and Polukarov, Yu.M., Zashch. Met., 1998, vol. 34, p. 117.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Song, Y.B. and Chin, D.T., Electrochim. Acta, 2002, vol. 48, p. 349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Weaver, M.J., Liu, H.Y., and Kim, Y., Can J. Chem., 1981, vol. 59, p. 1944.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Andreu, R. and Sanchez, F., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1986, vol. 210, p. 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Marszak, S., Wrona, P., and Galus, Z., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1995, vol. 396, p. 419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Marszak, S., Wrona, P., and Galus, Z., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1997, vol. 436, p. 79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Marszak, S., Wrona, P., and Galus, Z., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1999, vol. 471, p. 62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wrona, P.K., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1986, vol. 197, p. 395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wrona, P.K., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1990, vol. 277, p. 213.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ochodzki, P. and Wrona, P.K., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1990, vol. 277, p. 225.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Metals in Mercury, vol. 25 of Solubility Data Series, Oxford: Pergamon, 1986.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Haups, S. and Streblow, H., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1987, vol. 216, p. 229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Trasatti, S., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1972, vol. 39, p. 163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Polukarov, Yu.M., Itogi Nauki Tekh., Ser: Elektrokhim., 1979, vol. 15, p. 3.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Volkov, G.I., Zh. Prikl. Khim., 1954, vol. 27, p. 681.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Knyazev, N.I., Matveev, V.N., and Khudyakov, V.L., Elektrokhimiya, 1966, vol. 2, p. 850.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Skundin, A.M., Itogi Nauki Tekh., Ser: Elektrokhim., 1979, vol. 15, p. 227.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Goronovskii, I.T., Nazarenko, Yu.P., and Nekryach, E.F., Kratkii spravochnik po khimii (A Concise Reference Book on Chemistry), Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1974.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Kravtsov, V.I., Ravnovesie i kinetika elektrodnykh reaktsii kompleksov metallov (The Equilibrium and Kinetics of Electrode Reactions Involving Metal Complexes), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1985.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Galus, Z., Fundamentals of Electrochemical Analysis, Chichester: Ellis Horwood, 1997.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Spravochnik po elektrokhimii (A Reference Book on Electrochemistry), Sukhotin, A.M., Ed., Leningrad: Khimiya, 1981.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Termicheskie konstanty veshchestv (Thermal Constants of Substances), Glushko, V.P., Ed., Moscow: VINITI, 1971, issue 7.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Korshunov, V.N., Amal'gamnye systemy: Stroenie i elektrokhimicheskie svoistava (Amalgam Systems: The Structure and Electrochemical Properties), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1990.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Damaskin, B.B., Petrii, O.A., and Tsirlina, G.A., Elektrokhimiya (Electrochemistry), Moscow: Khimiya, 2002.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Solov'eva, Z.A., Rubtsov, A.E., Ryaboi, A.Ya, and Vashentseva, S.M., Elektrokhimiya, 1984, vol. 20, p. 1011.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Shluger, M.A., Klimushkina, I.A., Ignat'ev, V.I., and Nazarova, T.N., Elektrokhimiya, 1990, vol. 26, p. 1187.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Danilov, F.I. and Protsenko, V.S., Zashch. Met., 2001, vol. 37, p. 251.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Inzelt, G. and Horanyi, G., J. Electroanal. Chem., 1999, vol. 471, p. 73.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Kublanovskii, V.S., Gorodysky, A.V., Belinskii, V.N., and Glushchak, T.S., Kontsentratsionnye izmeneniya v prielektrodnykh sloyakh v protsesse elektroliza (Concentration Variations in the Near-Electrode Layers during Electrolyses), Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 1978.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Gmelins Handbuch der Anorganische Chemie, Weinheim: Chemie, 1960, vol. 52, part A8.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Bratsch, S.G., J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, 1989, vol. 18, p. 1.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Gamburg, Yu.D., Elektrokhimicheskaya kristallizatsiya metallov i splavov (The Electrocrystallization of Metals and Alloys), Moscow: Yanus-K, 1997.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK "Nauka/Interperiodica" 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. N. Korshunov
    • 1
  • V. A. Safonov
    • 1
  • L. N. Vykhodtseva
    • 1
  1. 1.Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations