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Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 64, Issue 7, pp 1547–1554 | Cite as

Enzymatic mechanisms of biological magnetic sensitivity: nuclear spin effects

  • U. G. Letuta
  • V. L. Berdinskii
Reviews

Abstract

Intracellular enzymatic reactions involving ion-radical states are shown to act as a universal mechanism of magnetically sensitive living organisms. Weak magnetic fields can affect the rate of intracellular enzymatic reactions. The main magnetically sensitive stage is the singlet-triplet conversion of ion-radical pairs in the active sites of enzymes induced by Zeeman and hyperfine interactions of electron and nuclear spins. The participation of a nuclear spin in the ion-radical process results in a strong dependence of the enzymatic reaction rate in weak magnetic fields comparable with the magnetic field of the Earth.

Key words

magnetic field enzymatic ion-radical reactions hyperfine interaction nuclear spin biological magnetic sensitivity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Orenburg State UniversityOrenburgRussian Federation
  2. 2.Institute of Cellular and Intercellular SymbiosisUral Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesOrenburgRussian Federation

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