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The rate of cyclization of 2′- and 4′-substituted diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acids in sulfuric acid as a function of the electronic properties of substituents

  • N. A. Pelevin
  • Yu. D. Markovich
  • G. V. Nazarov
  • S. E. Galan
  • T. N. Kudryavtseva
  • M. I. Brylev
Brief Communications
  • 67 Downloads

Abstract

The kinetic regularities of cyclization of 2′- and 4′-substituted diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acids in sulfuric acid were determined. The rate of cyclization of diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acids is linearly dependent on the nature of substituents in the meta-position relative to the reaction site in accordance with the two-parameter Hammett equation.

Key words

diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acids acridones cyclization rate constant Hammett equation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. A. Pelevin
    • 1
  • Yu. D. Markovich
    • 1
  • G. V. Nazarov
    • 2
  • S. E. Galan
    • 2
  • T. N. Kudryavtseva
    • 1
  • M. I. Brylev
    • 1
  1. 1.South-West State UniversityKurskRussian Federation
  2. 2.High-Tech Laboratory Ltd.MoscowRussian Federation

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